Teaching Foundational Physical Examination Skills: Study Results Comparing Lay Teaching Associates and Physician Instructors

ArticleinAcademic Medicine 81(10 Suppl):S95-7 · November 2006with4 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.93 · DOI: 10.1097/00001888-200610001-00024 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    The purpose of this pilot study was to determine differences in the physical exam skills of first-year medical students learning physical exam exclusively from standardized physical examination teaching associates (SPETAs) or physician faculty.
    In all, 144 first-year medical students were randomized to receive SPETA or physician-led physical examination instruction. Students participated in an OSCE assessment immediately following the end of the curriculum block.
    SPETA-trained students performed equivalently to physician faculty trained students across all stations with a mean of 82.9% versus 81.2% (p = .226). Students taught by SPETAs performed significantly better on the abdominal OSCE with a mean score of 88.8%, while physician faculty taught students had a mean score of 85.4% (p = .03).
    Findings from this study suggest that SPETAs can effectively teach foundational physical examination skills to medical students at a similar and sometimes better performance level as physician faculty.