Body Dissatisfaction Prospectively Predicts Depressive Mood and Low Self-Esteem in Adolescent Girls and Boys
This research examined whether body dissatisfaction prospectively predicted depressive mood and low self-esteem in adolescent girls and boys 5 years later. Participants were early-adolescent girls (n = 440, Time 1 M age = 12.7 years) and boys (n = 366, Time 1 M age = 12.8 years) and midadolescent girls (n = 946, Time 1 M age = 15.8 years) and boys (n = 764, Time 1 M age = 15.9 years). After controlling for Time 1 of the relevant dependent variable, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and body mass index, Time 1 body dissatisfaction was a unique predictor of Time 2 depressive mood and low self-esteem in early-adolescent girls (depressive mood: F = 4.80, p < .05; self-esteem: F = 9.64, p < .01) and midadolescent boys (depressive mood: F = 12.27, p < .001; self-esteem: F = 9.38, p < .01) but not in early-adolescent boys or midadolescent girls. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that body dissatisfaction is a risk factor for depressive mood and low self-esteem in both girls and boys but in different phases of adolescence.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Research has yet to identify specific predictors of poor psychological well-being and quality of life in transgender people. This study aimed first to explore the predictive value of five factors known to be associated with poor psychological well-being in cis- and transgender people; age, self-esteem, victimisation, interpersonal problems, and body dissatisfaction. Second, to investigate the mediatory role of self-esteem and social support. Two hundred and eight participants (104 transgender and 104 cisgender controls), matched by age and gender, completed measures of these predictor variables, along with general psychopathology and functional quality of life. The results indicate that in the transgender group, greater psychopathology and greater depression were predicted by younger age (psychopathology only), lower self-esteem, greater body dissatisfaction, and greater interpersonal problems. In the cisgender group, only lower self-esteem and greater interpersonal problems were significant predictors of these factors. For quality of life, lower self-esteem and greater interpersonal problems were significant predictors of low quality of life in both groups. Self-esteem but not social support mediated the above relationships. Overall, self-esteem and interpersonal problems appear to be crucial factors that influence well-being. Those providing treatment to transgender people should pay more attention to these areas.0Comments 0Citations
- "For example, interpersonal psychotherapy may help to improve psychological well-being by assisting individuals to develop their interpersonal skills, manage potentially difficult relationship transitions, and build their confidence in interacting with others (Klerman, Weissman, Rounsaville, & Chevron, 1984). Body dissatisfaction has been linked to a number of indicators of poor psychological well-being (Davison & McCabe, 2006; Jones et al., 2016; Paxton et al., 2006; Stice & Shaw, 2002) and, as expected, predicted greater psychopathology in the transgender group. Cross-sex hormone treatment and SRS are intended to better align the physical body with the person's experienced gender, though this is achieved to varying degrees between individuals . "
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, a survey of Sri Lankan adolescents explored relationships between thin-ideal internalization and body dissatisfaction-issues that have received greater research attention in East Asia and the West. Girls scored lower in thin-ideal internalization and awareness and higher in self-esteem compared to boys; however, unlike in previous studies, body dissatisfaction did not differ significantly by gender. Hierarchical linear multiple regression analyses revealed that self-esteem moderated the relationship between thin-ideal internalization and body dissatisfaction among girls, but this was not observed for boys. Self-esteem as a protective factor against body dissatisfaction among Sri Lankan female adolescents was confirmed.0Comments 0Citations
- "Longitudinal studies revealed that body dissatisfaction was predicted by low self-esteem (Gilbert and Meyer, 2005). Conversely, a 5-year prospective study found body dissatisfaction responsible for low self-esteem, casting doubt on the directionality of these factors (Paxton et al., 2006). In order to understand better how body image is predicted, Phan and Tylka (2006) tested a model of disordered eating with Asian Americans to expand prior findings on the connections between self-esteem and body dissatisfaction . "
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This brief report tests the mediating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between body dissatisfaction and symptoms of depression and anxiety. A sample of 409 adolescents (females = 58.4%) aged between 14 and 18 years completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Contour Drawing Rating Scale, the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Overall, results for the indirect effects analysis were significant for both anxiety and depression, which confirmed the mediating role of self-esteem. Thus, a negative perception of one's body image has the effect of lowering self-esteem, which in turn increases psychological distress.0Comments 0Citations
- "The effect of body dissatisfaction on anxiety and depression did not vary as a function of age or gender. These results tie together the research showing that body dissatisfaction predicts lower levels of self-esteem over the longer-term (Johnson and Wardle, 2005; Paxton et al., 2006; Wichstrøm and von Soest, 2016) and the research showing that self-esteem is associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety (Dooley et al., 2015; Nima et al., 2013; Orth et al., 2008; Wichstrøm and von Soest, 2016). Thus, in addition to replicating associations already found in the literature (e.g., the association between body dissatisfaction and psychological distress), the results of the present study help to refine our understanding of body dissatisfaction by more clearly identifying the process that explains the symptoms. "