Estimation of Left Ventricular Mass by Real-Time Three-Dimensional Echocardiography Depends on Good Image Acquisition by Two-Dimensional Echocardiography

ArticleinThe American Journal of Cardiology 98(8):1121-2 · November 2006with2 Reads
DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2006.06.006 · Source: PubMed
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This is the first study to assess the feasibility and accuracy of real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT-3DE) for the measurements of left ventricular (LV) mass in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Twenty patients (60% men) with CHD were evaluated by MRI and RT-3DE on the same day. Their mean age was 29 +/- 8 years (range 19 to 49). RT-3DE was performed with a Philips Sonos 7500 echocardiographic system and LV mass analyses with the assistance of TomTec software. The results for LV mass obtained by manual tracing were compared with Signa 1.5-T MRI data. The acquisition of RT-3DE data sets was feasible in all 20 patients. Nine patients (45%) had good, 5 patients (25%) moderate, and 6 patients (30%) poor image quality of the 3-dimensional data set. The time of 3-dimensional data acquisition was 4 +/- 2 minutes. Off-line image processing and tracing required approximately 11 +/- 3 minutes. A very good correlation was observed between RT-3DE data with sufficient image quality and MRI (r = 0.98, y = 0.96x + 4.1, SEE 9.8 g), with a mean difference of 2.0 +/- 20 g. Interobserver agreement was excellent (r = 0.99, y = 0.97x + 3.81), with a mean difference of -1 +/- 11 g. In conclusion, the assessment of LV mass from RT-3DE data is feasible in patients with CHD. The mass of an abnormally shaped left ventricle can be determined with high accuracy and low interobserver variability in patients with good or moderate echocardiographic image quality.
    Article · Feb 2006
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Left ventricular (LV) mass is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality, especially in patients with systemic hypertension. However, the accuracy of 2D echocardiographic LV mass measurements is limited because acquiring anatomically correct apical views is often difficult. We tested the hypothesis that LV mass could be measured more accurately from real-time 3D (RT3D) data sets, which allow offline selection of nonforeshortened apical views, by comparing 2D and RT3D measurements against cardiac MR (CMR) measurements. Echocardiographic imaging was performed (Philips 7500) in 21 patients referred for CMR imaging (1.5 T, GE). Apical 2- and 4-chamber views and RT3D data sets were acquired and analyzed by 2 independent observers. The RT3D data sets were used to select nonforeshortened apical 2- and 4-chamber views (3DQ-QLAB, Philips). In both 2D and RT3D images, LV long axis was measured; endocardial and epicardial boundaries were traced, and mass was calculated by use of the biplane method of disks. CMR LV mass values were obtained through standard techniques (MASS Analysis, GE). The RT3D data resulted in significantly larger LV long-axis dimensions and measurements of LV mass that correlated with CMR better (r=0.90) than 2D (r=0.79). The 2D technique underestimated LV mass (bias, 39%), whereas RT3D measurements showed only minimal bias (3%). The 95% limits of agreement were significantly wider for 2D (52%) than RT3D (28%). Additionally, the RT3D technique reduced the interobserver variability (37% to 7%) and intraobserver variability (19% to 8%). RT3D imaging provides the basis for accurate and reliable measurement of LV mass.
    Article · Oct 2004
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To develop a technique for volumetric analysis of real time three dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) data aimed at quantifying left ventricular (LV) mass and to validate the technique against magnetic resonance (MR) assumed as the reference standard. RT3DE, which has recently become widely available, provides dynamic pyramidal data structures that encompass the entire heart and allows four dimensional assessment of cardiac anatomy and function. However, analysis techniques for the quantification of LV mass from RT3DE data are fundamentally two dimensional, rely on geometric modelling, and do not fully exploit the volumetric information contained in RT3DE datasets. Twenty one patients underwent two dimensional echocardiography (2DE), RT3DE, and cardiac MR. LV mass was measured from 2DE and MR images by conventional techniques. RT3DE data were analysed to semiautomatically detect endocardial and epicardial LV surfaces by the level set approach. From the detected surfaces, LV mass was computed directly in the three dimensional space as voxel counts. RT3DE measurement was feasible in 19 of 21 patients and resulted in higher correlation with MR (r = 0.96) than did 2DE (r = 0.79). RT3DE measurements also had a significantly smaller bias (-2.1 g) and tighter limits of agreement (2SD = +/-23 g) with MR than did the 2DE values (bias (2SD) -34.9 (50) g). Additionally, interobserver variability of RT3DE (12.5%) was significantly lower than that of 2DE (24.1%). Direct three dimensional model independent LV mass measurement from RT3DE images is feasible in the clinical setting and provides fast and accurate assessment of LV mass, superior to the two dimensional analysis techniques.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2006
Show more