Effect of donor-acceptor interaction strength on excitation energy migration and diffusion at high donor concentrations

Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India.
The Journal of Chemical Physics (Impact Factor: 2.95). 11/2006; 125(14):144502. DOI: 10.1063/1.2354152
Source: PubMed


The migration and diffusion modulated excitation energy transfer has been studied in a new dye pair 7-diethylamino-4-methylcoumarin (donor) to 3,3'-dimethyloxacarbocyanine iodide (acceptor) by steady-state and picosecond time-resolved spectroscopy. To reduce the artifact of self-absorption, at high donor concentrations, the time-resolved studies have been carried out in thin films of polyvinyl alcohol (solid matrix) and in methanol (liquid phase) at front-face geometry of excitation. The Forster-type (nonradiative) energy transfer [Discuss. Faraday Soc. 27, 7 (1959)] takes place directly from donor to acceptor in case of solid matrix, while Yokota-Tanimoto model [J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22, 779 (1967)] for diffusion has been found to be operating in the liquid phase. It has been found here that the high interaction strength between donor and acceptor molecules as compared to that among donors masks the effect of energy migration and diffusion at high donor concentrations. The rate and efficiency of energy transfer increase with increasing the acceptor concentration. This has been confirmed by the study of acceptor kinetics.

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