A Triaxial Probe for On-line Proteolysis Coupled with Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange-Electrospray Mass Spectrometry

Department of Chemistry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996-1600, USA.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (Impact Factor: 2.95). 03/2007; 18(2):208-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.jasms.2006.09.011
Source: PubMed


An on-line proteolysis system utilizing a triaxial electrospray probe was developed to aid localization of the hydrogen-bonding interaction sites in hydrogen/deuterium exchange-mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) studies of Abeta (1-40) fibrils. The probe allows delayed introduction of the organic solvent component needed for stable electrospray, thus enhancing hydrolysis performance relative to that of a coaxial probe. Effective on-line digestion was accomplished in approximately 12 s. The probe should be of general utility for HDX-MS studies of amyloid fibrils and other protein aggregates.

Full-text preview

Available from:
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The beta-sheet network of the amyloid fibril is a dominant structural feature of this class of protein structures. An attractive way to view the protein misfolding events that lead to the formation of fibrils and other aggregates is to consider how native protein secondary structure rearranges to yield the H-bonding relationships within the aggregate structure. We describe here the application of hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HX-MS) methods to probe the secondary structure of protein aggregates. This includes exploration of the structures of monomers, protofibrils, and fibrils, the structural relationships among these states, the energetic contribution of H-bonding to fibril stability, and the plasticity of the H-bond network.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Accounts of Chemical Research
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gradual corrosion of stainless steel electrospray emitters under conditions of normal use generates surface irregularities that can promote electrical discharge. The increased emission current affects the electrochemical reactions associated with the spray process. When sampling the peptide Abeta(1-40), this is manifest by oxidation of methionine at position 35 to methionine sulfoxide. The resultant mass shift and reduced sensitivity can adversely affect H/D exchange experiments. These effects can be avoided by adding a redox buffer or (preferably) by repolishing the emitter, especially to a rounded geometry.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Analytical Chemistry
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An automated proteolytic digestion bioreactor and droplet deposition system was constructed with a plastic microfluidic device for off-line interfacing to matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The microfluidic chips were fabricated in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), using a micromilling machine and incorporated a bioreactor, which was 100 microm wide, 100 microm deep, and possessed a 4 cm effective channel length (400 nL volume). The chip was operated by pressure-driven flow and mounted on a robotic fraction collector system. The PMMA bioreactor contained surface immobilized trypsin, which was covalently attached to the UV-modified PMMA surface using coupling reagents N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) and hydroxysulfosuccinimide (sulfo-NHS). The digested peptides were mixed with a MALDI matrix on-chip and deposited as discrete spots on MALDI targets. The bioreactor provided efficient digestion of a test protein, cytochrome c, at a flow rate of 1 microL/min, producing a reaction time of approximately 24 s to give adequate sequence coverage for protein identification. Other proteins were also evaluated using this solid-phase bioreactor. The efficiency of digestion was evaluated by monitoring the sequence coverage, which was 64%, 35%, 58%, and 47% for cytochrome c, bovine serum albumin (BSA), myoglobin, and phosphorylase b, respectively.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Show more