The chromosomal polymorphism and divergence of populations in Chironomus nuditarsis Str. (Diptera, Chironomidae)

Tsitologiia 02/2006; 48(7):595-609.
Source: PubMed


The karyotype structure and chromosomal polymorphisms were investigated in 6 natural and 2 laboratory populations of Chironomus nuditarsis from Europe and Asia. The pool of rearranged polytene chromosome banding sequences of this species was determined that includes 16 inversion banding sequences and sequences with giant DNA-knobs (ndtG1k, ndtG2k). Obvious differences were demonstrated in the level of chromosomal polymorphism between European and Asian (Siberian) populations: the former were highly polymorphic, while the latter were practically monomorphic. It was suggested to consider the Siberian populations as marginal one. Cytogenetic distances between populations of C. nuditarsis as well between C. nuditarsis and the related species C. plumosus were estimated. The data obtained show that chromosomal rearrangements play a very important role in cytogenetic divergence of populations.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The karyotypes and chromosomal polymorphism of Chironomus pseudothummi were investigated in different parts of its areal. It was established that chromosomal variability in the natural populations of this species was represented mainly by the inversion polymorphism of arm G. Only rare and unique inversions were found to be heterozygous in arms C, D, and E. In total, 14 banding sequences of polytene chromosomes form the banding sequence pool of C. pseudothummi. Geographic differences in the distribution of chromosomal banding sequences throughout the areal were established. The presence of banding sequences pstG1 and pstG2 is characteristic of European populations. The banding sequence pstG1 disappeared completely with a simultaneous increase in the frequency of pstG2 and with the appearance of a new inversion banding sequence pstG3 in Siberian populations. Differences in the set of rare and unique inversions in arms C, D, and E between the West-European and West-Siberian populations have been revealed.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Cell and Tissue Biology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The cytotaxonomic characteristics of two species of the Chironomus genus from Lake Łuknajno (northwest Poland) were determined: Chironomus nuditarsis Strenzke, 1959 with the chromosome arm combinations of AB, CD, EF, and G (the "thummi" cytocomplex), and Camptochironomus tentans (Fabricius, 1805) with the chromosome arm combinations of AB, CF, DE, and G. A heterozygous inversion in arm F of the Chironomus nuditarsis chromosomes was detected. The polymorphism of Camptochironomus tentans as a homozygous inversion in arms A and E and a heterozygous inversion in arm F were revealed.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Karyotype of the Chironomus nuditarsis Str. (Keyl, 1962) chironomids from central Caucasian populations located at different altitudes above the sea level (a.s.l.) was examined. Specific features of the inversion polymorphism of the high-mountain (more than 1000 m a.s.l.), foothill (500–1000 m a.s.l.), and plain (up to 500 m a.s.l.) populations were identified. A new chromosome banding sequence, ndt F2 (1g-e 7a–8c), which was endemic to Caucasian populations, was described. With the increase in the altitude of the reservoir a.s.l., the decrease in the frequency of ndt G1.2 and ndt B2.2 inversions and the number of inversions per individual and per arm was observed. In the high-mountain population, only the ndt G2.2 homozygotes were detected. The plain population is an interstitial population, while foothill and high-mountain populations are terminal. Cytogenetic distances between the high-mountain and other samples range from 0.174 to 0.223, which is higher than the mean interpopulation value for this species (0.138). The allochrony of the life cycle in aborigines larvae from the foothill population and aborigines from the high-mountain population can be caused by factors such as low high-mountain reservoir temperature. This factor increases the duration of the stages of larvae developmental, which leads to a reduced number of generations and results in a shift in the imago flight and mating timing.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Russian Journal of Genetics
Show more