Rapidly induced hypothermia with extracorporeal lung and heart assist (ECLHA) improves the neurological outcome after prolonged cardiac arrest in dogs

Department of Anesthesiology, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Kumamoto, Japan
Resuscitation (Impact Factor: 4.17). 02/2007; 72(1):128-36. DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2006.05.023
Source: PubMed


We reported previously that therapeutic hypothermia with extracorporeal lung and heart assist (ECLHA) improved neurological outcome after 15 min cardiac arrest (CA) in dogs, although 45 min was needed to achieve hypothermia. We now investigate whether rapidly induced hypothermia with ECLHA (RHE) would result in a better outcome than slowly induced hypothermia with ECLHA (SHE) in dogs.
Fifteen mongrel female dogs were divided into two groups: an RHE (n = 7) and an SHE (n = 8) group. Normothermic ventricular fibrillation was induced for 15 min and the animals were resuscitated by ECLHA. Rapid hypothermia was induced with a heat exchanger added to the ECLHA circuit in the RHE group, and by immersing the drainage tube of the ECLHA circuit in an ice water bath in the SHE group. Hypothermia (33 degrees C) was maintained for 20 h. The dogs were weaned from ECLHA at 24 h after resuscitation and treated for 96 h; neurological deficit scores (NDS) were measured throughout this period.
It took 1.6+/-0.8 min to reach 33 degrees C in the RHE group and 49.5+/-12.1 min to reach 33 degrees C in the SHE group. There was no difference in survival rate between the two groups. The NDS at 96 h in the RHE group was better than that in the SHE group (26% (range: 10-28%) versus 32% (26-37%); p < 0.05) although there was no significant difference in NDS between the two groups until 72 h.
Rapid hypothermic induction might be an important factor to improve neurological outcomes in prolonged CA models.

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