Characterization of Protein Kinase A-mediated Phosphorylation of Ezrin in Gastric Parietal Cell Activation

ArticleinJournal of Biological Chemistry 278(37):35651-9 · October 2003with2 Reads
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M303416200 · Source: PubMed
Gastric ezrin was initially identified as a phosphoprotein associated with parietal cell activation. To explore the nature of ezrin phosphorylation, proteins from resting and secreting gastric glands were subjected to two-dimensional SDS-PAGE. Histamine triggers acid secretion and a series of acidic isoforms of ezrin on two-dimensional SDS-PAGE. Mass spectrometric analysis of these acidic ezrin spots induced by stimulation suggests that Ser66 is phosphorylated. To determine whether Ser66 is a substrate of protein kinase A (PKA), recombinant proteins of ezrin, both wild type and S66A mutant, were incubated with the catalytic subunit of PKA and [32P]ATP. Incorporation of 32P into wild type but not the mutant ezrin verified that Ser66 is a substrate of PKA. In addition, expression of S66A mutant ezrin in cultured parietal cells attenuates the dilation of apical vacuolar membrane associated with stimulation by histamine, indicating that PKA-mediated phosphorylation of ezrin is necessary for acid secretion. In fact, expression of phosphorylation-like S66D mutant in parietal cells mimics histamine-stimulated apical vacuole remodeling. Further examination of H,K-ATPase distribution revealed a blockade of stimulation-induced proton pump mobilization in S66A but not S66D ezrin-expressing parietal cells. These data suggest that PKA-mediated phosphorylation of ezrin plays an important role in mediating the remodeling of the apical membrane cytoskeleton associated with acid secretion in parietal cells.
    • "Protein kinase A has been shown to mediate the phosphorylation of ezrin on serine 66 [20]. Like forskolin, an activator of PKA, TRAIL induced activation of PKA, but also PKC, as evidenced using antibodies recognizing PKA and PKC substrates (Fig 4A and 4B). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ezrin belongs to the ERM (ezrin-radixin-moesin) protein family and has been demonstrated to regulate early steps of Fas receptor signalling in lymphoid cells, but its contribution to TRAIL-induced cell death regulation in adherent cancer cells remains unknown. In this study we report that regulation of FasL and TRAIL-induced cell death by ezrin is cell type dependant. Ezrin is a positive regulator of apoptosis in T-lymphoma cell line Jurkat, but a negative regulator in colon cancer cells. Using ezrin phosphorylation or actin-binding mutants, we provide evidence that negative regulation of death receptor-induced apoptosis by ezrin occurs in a cytoskeleton- and DISC-independent manner, in colon cancer cells. Remarkably, inhibition of apoptosis induced by these ligands was found to be tightly associated with regulation of ezrin phosphorylation on serine 66, the tumor suppressor gene WWOX and activation of PKA. Deficiency in WWOX expression in the liver cancer SK-HEP1 or the pancreatic Mia PaCa-2 cell lines as well as WWOX silencing or modulation of PKA activation by pharmacological regulators, in the colon cancer cell line SW480, abrogated regulation of TRAIL signalling by ezrin. Altogether our results show that death receptor pro-apoptotic signalling regulation by ezrin can occur downstream of the DISC in colon cancer cells.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015
    • "α-Helical, α-helical domain; PP, polyproline stretch. phosphorylation of Ser 66 [34], Tyr 81 , Tyr 145 , Tyr 353 , Tyr 477 [35] and Thr 567 [42,43] (Figure 3). Importantly, Thr 567 phosphorylation has been shown to increase the ability of ezrin to interact with actin and inhibits the return to the autoinhibited structure [36,44]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have identified a conserved nuclear pore localisation signal (NPLS; amino acids 764-838 of EPAC1) in the catalytic domains of the cAMP-sensors, EPAC1 and EPAC2A. Consequently, EPAC1 is mainly localised to the nuclear pore complex in HEK293T cells where it becomes activated following stimulation with cAMP. In contrast, structural models indicate that the cAMP-binding domain of EPAC2A (CNBD1) blocks access to the conserved NPLS in EPAC2A, reducing its ability to interact with nuclear binding sites. Consequently, a naturally occurring EPAC2 isoform, EPAC2B, which lacks CNBD1 is enriched in nuclear fractions, similar to EPAC1. Structural differences in EPAC isoforms may therefore determine their intracellular location and their response to elevations in intracellular cAMP. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015
    • "The activated mutant plasmid pcDNA3/HA-moesin T558D mimicked the AGE-evoked endothelial response with formation of F-actin stress fiber and increase of endothelial monolayer permeability. These data are consistent with the results from Zhou et al, indicating that exogenously expressed meosin bears biochemical characteristics similar to endogenous pro- tein [53]. Although it is yet to rule out the possibility of AGE-induced tyrosine phosphorylation since the state of phosphotyrosine was not detected in this study, the results have demonstrated that threonine 558 is the phosphorylation site of moesin in AGE-stimulated endothelial cells. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The role of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in the development of diabetes, especially diabetic complications, has been emphasized in many reports. Accumulation of AGEs in the vasculature triggers a series of morphological and functional changes in endothelial cells (ECs) and induces an increase of endothelial permeability. This study was to investigate the involvement of RhoA/ROCK-dependent moesin phosphorylation in endothelial abnormalities induced by AGEs. Using human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HMVECs), the effects of human serum albumin modified-AGEs (AGE-HSA) on the endothelium were assessed by measuring monolayer permeability and staining of F-actin in HMVECs. Activations of RhoA and ROCK were determined by a luminescence-based assay and immunoblotting. Transfection of recombinant adenovirus that was dominant negative for RhoA (RhoA N19) was done to down-regulate RhoA expression, while adenovirus with constitutively activated RhoA (RhoA L63) was transfected to cause overexpression of RhoA in HMVECs. H-1152 was employed to specifically block activation of ROCK. Co-immunoprecipitation was used to further confirm the interaction of ROCK and its downstream target moesin. To identify AGE/ROCK-induced phosphorylation site in moesin, two mutants pcDNA3/HA-moesinT(558A) and pcDNA3/HA-moesinT(558D) were applied in endothelial cells. The results showed that AGE-HSA increased the permeability of HMVEC monolayer and triggered the formation of F-actin-positive stress fibers. AGE-HSA enhanced RhoA activity as well as phosphorylation of ROCK in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Down-regulation of RhoA expression with RhoA N19 transfection abolished these AGE-induced changes, while transfection of RhoA L63 reproduced the AGE-evoked changes. H-1152 attenuated the AGE-induced alteration in monolayer permeability and cytoskeleton. The results also confirmed the AGE-induced direct interaction of ROCK and moesin. Thr558 was further identified as the phosphorylating site of moesin in AGE-evoked endothelial responses. These results confirm the involvement of RhoA/ROCK pathway and subsequent moesin Thr558 phosphorylation in AGE-mediated endothelial dysfunction.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012
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