A new Early Oligocene peradectine marsupial (Mammalia) from the Burqin region of Xinjiang, China
Tertiary marsupial records are very scarce in Asia. A new peradectine marsupial, Junggaroperadectes burqinensis gen. et sp. nov., is reported from the Early Oligocene Keziletuogayi Formation in the Burqin region, Xinjiang, China. This new species is based on a single right upper M2. The tooth possesses a straight centrocrista, a characteristic of peradectines. Its main cusps lean buccally, with the paracone being smaller and lower than the metacone. The conules and stylar cusps are weakly developed. These characters distinguish J. burqinensis from Euro-American Tertiary peradectines, but they also imply a close phylogenetic relationship to Siamoperadectes and Sinoperadectes, two Asian Early Miocene peradectines.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present work provides for the first time a detailed description of teeth attributable to metatherians in the Miocene fossil record of Spain, and justifies their generic and specific ascription. The fossil elements found correspond to Amphiperatherium frequens, the last herpetotheriid that inhabited Europe. This is so far the southernmost occurrence of this species, thus showing that its geographic range extended further southward than previously thought. (c) 2012 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.0Comments 5Citations
- "The Eurasian evolutionary history of the group outside central Europe is obscure. The fossil record of Cenozoic metatherians is particularly poor in Asia (Crochet et al., 2007; Ni et al., 2007), especially in Neogene sediments, which have provided merely three dental elements: two from Thailand (Siamoperadectes minutus, Ducrocq et al., 1992; Mein and Gisnsburg, 1997) and one from China (S. clandestinus, Storch and Qiu, 2002). All of them have been found in localities equivalent in age to MN4 (Early Miocene). "
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Evidence in the world’s ocean current system indicates an abrupt cooling from 34.1 to 33.6 Ma across the Eocene–Oligocene boundary at 33.9 Ma. The remarkable cooling period in the ocean, called the Eocene–Oligocene transition (EOT), is correlated with pronounced mammalian faunal replacement as shown in terrestrial fossil records. For the first time within Asia, a section is magnetostratigraphically dated that also produces mammalian fossils that span the Late Eocene—Early Oligocene transition. Three fossil assemblages revealed through the EOT (34.8, 33.7, and 30.4 Ma) demonstrate that perissodactyl faunas were abruptly replaced by rodent/lagomorph-dominant faunas during climate cooling, and that changes in mammalian communities were accelerated by aridification in central Asia. Three fossil assemblages (34.8, 33.7, and 30.4 Ma) within the north Junggar Basin (Burqin section) tied to this magnetostratigraphically dated section, reveal that perissodactyl faunas were abruptly replaced by rodent/lagomorph-dominant faunas during climate cooling, and that changes in mammalian communities were accelerated by aridification in central Asia. The biotic reorganization events described in the Burqin section are comparable to the Grande Coupure in Europe and the Mongolian Remodeling of mammalian communities. That is, the faunal transition was nearly simultaneous all over the world and mirrored global climatic changes with regional factors playing only a secondary role.0Comments 2Citations
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: I describe Archaeonothos henkgodthelpi gen. et. sp. nov., a small (estimated body mass ∼40–80 g) tribosphenic metatherian from the early Eocene Tingamarra Fauna of southeastern Queensland, Australia. This taxon, known only from a single isolated upper molar (M2 or M3) is characterised by a very distinctive combination of dental features that, collectively, probably represent faunivorous adaptations. These include: a straight, elevated centrocrista; a metacone considerably taller than the paracone; a wide stylar shelf (∼50% of the total labiolingual width of the tooth); reduced stylar cusps; a long postmetacrista; a small and anteroposteriorly narrow protocone; an unbasined trigon; and the absence of conules. Some of these features are seen in dasyuromorphians, but detailed comparisons reveal key differences between A. henkgodthelpi and all known members of this clade. A. henkgodthelpi also predates recent molecular estimates for the divergence of crown-group Dasyuromorphia. Similar dental features are seen in a number of other metatherians, including the South American sparassodonts, Wirunodon chanku from the ?middle—late Eocene Santa Rosa local fauna of Peru, and Kasserinotherium tunisiense from the early Eocene Chambi fauna of Tunisia, although whether A. henkgodthelpi is closely related to any of these taxa is unclear based on available evidence. I therefore refer A. henkgodthelpi to Metatheria incertae sedis. Potential relatives of A. henkgodthelpi are unknown from any other Australian fossil deposit.0Comments 3Citations