Celiac Disease and HLA in a Bedouin Kindred

Tel Aviv University, Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel
Human Immunology (Impact Factor: 2.14). 12/2006; 67(11):940-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.humimm.2006.08.293
Source: PubMed


We report the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) and its relationship with other autoimmune diseases and HLA haplotypes in a Bedouin kindred. Of 175 individuals sampled and typed for autoantibodies and HLA class II genotypes, six (3.4%) members had CD, and an additional 10 (5.7%) members tested positive for autoantibodies to transglutaminase (TgAA+). Several CD/TgAA+ relatives also had islet cell antigen or adrenal autoimmunity. Affected relatives are more closely related than expected from the pedigree relationships of all family members and were more often the offspring of consanguineous marriages. Individuals with CD or TgAA+ were enriched for DRB1*0301-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201, a haplotype previously reported as high risk for CD. There was also an increased frequency of DQB1*0201/DQB1*0201 homozygotes among affected relatives. We found no evidence that DRB1*0701-DQA1*0201-DQB1*0201/DRB1*11-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0301 is a high-risk genotype, consistent with other studies of Arab communities. In addition, a nonparametric linkage analysis of 376 autosomal markers revealed suggestive evidence for linkage on chromosome 12p13 at marker D12S364 (NPL = 2.009, p = 0.0098). There were no other significant results, including the HLA region or any other previously reported regions. This could reflect the reduced power of family-based linkage and association analyses in isolated inbred populations.

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