Net portal and hepatic flux of nutrients in growing wethers fed high-concentrate diets with oscillating protein concentrations
USDA-ARS, US Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE 68933-0166, USA.Journal of Animal Science (Impact Factor: 2.11). 05/2007; 85(4):997-1005. DOI: 10.2527/jas.2006-547
We hypothesized that oscillating dietary CP would improve N retention by increasing the uptake of endogenous urea N by portal drained viscera (PDV), compared with static dietary CP regimens. Chronic indwelling catheters were surgically implanted in the abdominal aorta, a mesenteric vein, a hepatic vein, and the portal vein of 18 growing Dorset x Suffolk wethers (44.6 +/- 3.6 kg of BW). Wethers had ad libitum access to the following diets in a completely randomized block design: 1) Low (9.9% CP), 2) Medium (12.5% CP), or 3) Low and High (14.2% CP) diets oscillated on a 48-h interval (Osc). Dry matter intake was greater (P = 0.04) for the Osc diet (1,313 g/d) than the Low diet (987 g/d) and was intermediate for the Medium diet (1,112 g/d). Nitrogen intake was not different between the wethers fed the Osc (25.4 g/d) and Medium diets (22.2 g/d), but was lower (P < 0.01) in wethers fed the Low diet (16.0 g/d). Wethers fed the Osc diet (6.7 g/d) retained more (P < 0.04) N than did those fed the Medium diet (4.0 g/d). Hepatic arterial blood flow was not different (P = 0.81) between wethers fed the Osc (31 L/h) or Medium diet (39 L/h) but was greater (P = 0.05) in wethers fed the Low diet (66 L/h). Net release of alpha-amino N by the PDV did not differ (P = 0.90) between the Low (37.8 mmol/h) and Medium diets (41.5 mmol/h) or between the Osc (53.0 mmol/h) and Medium diets (P = 0.29). Net PDV release of ammonia N was less (P = 0.05) for the Low diet than for the Medium diet, and this was accompanied by a similar decrease (P = 0.04) in hepatic ammonia N uptake. Urea N concentrations tended to be (P = 0.06) less in arterial, portal, and hepatic blood in wethers fed the Low diet compared with those fed the Medium diet. Wethers fed the Osc diet tended (P = 0.06) to have a greater PDV uptake of urea N than did those fed the Medium diet, but there was no difference between the Osc and Medium diets (P = 0.72) in hepatic urea N release. Net PDV uptake of glutamine tended to be greater (P < 0.07) in wethers fed the Low diet (6.7 mmol/h) than those fed the Medium diet (2.7 mmol/h). These data indicate that oscillating dietary protein may improve N retention by increasing endogenous urea N uptake by the gastrointestinal tract.
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