A decade in review: Building on the experiences of past adolescent STI/HIV interventions to optimise future prevention efforts

Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University, 1520 Clifton Road, NE, Rm 132, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
Sexually Transmitted Infections (Impact Factor: 3.4). 01/2007; 82(6):431-6. DOI: 10.1136/sti.2005.018002
Source: PubMed


The major purpose of this article is to systematically review and synthesise empirical findings from selected adolescent STI/HIV interventions conducted in the United States between 1994 and 2004. Specifically, the most current adolescent STI risk reduction interventions conducted in diverse venues, such as in the community, schools, clinics, and specialised adolescent centres (that is, detention homes and drug programmes) were examined for reported efficacy, and were assessed for programmatic and methodological strengths and weaknesses. Next, a subset of programmatic characteristics was identified that were associated with the efficacy of STI risk reduction programmes both within a particular venue, as well as across all venues. Finally, we discuss the research and practice implications of these findings for optimising future evidence based STI risk reduction programmes for adolescents in the United States.

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Available from: Robin Milhausen, Feb 10, 2014
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    • "The limited available data in sub-Saharan Africa show existing gaps in HIV-related knowledge and misconceptions about HIV infection (Adeomi et al., 2014;MacPhail et al., 2009;Oladepo & Fayemi, 2011;Sallar, 2009). It has been shown that an increase in HIV-related knowledge does not translate to behaviour change (MacPhail et al., 2009), but then adequate HIV-related knowledge is a prerequisite for the reduction of HIV infections and transmission (Sales et al., 2006), while negative attitudes towards HIV positive people are barriers for uptake of HIV prevention strategies (Christiane et al., 2014;Sallar, 2009). This was the rationale for assessing the learners' level of HIV knowledge and related attitudes towards HIV-positive learners in preparation for the proposed roll out of HCT at schools. "
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