Transnasal endoscopic resection of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma without preoperative embolization. Ear Nose Throat J 85:740-743, 746

Ear, Nose, Throat Research Center, Amir-Alam Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Ear, nose, & throat journal (Impact Factor: 1). 12/2006; 85(11):740-3, 746.
Source: PubMed


Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a benign, highly vascular, and locally invasive tumor. Because the location of these tumors makes conventional surgery difficult, interest in endoscopic resection is increasing, particularly for the treatment of lesions that do not extend laterally into the infratemporal fossa. We report the results of our series of 23 patients with JNA (stage IIB or lower) who underwent transnasal endoscopic resection under hypotensive general anesthesia without preoperative embolization of the tumor All tumors were successfully excised. The amount of intraoperative blood loss was acceptable. We observed only 1 recurrence, which was diagnosed 19 months postoperatively in a patient with a stage IIB primary tumor. We observed only 3 complications during follow-up-all synechia. We conclude that endoscopic resection of JNAs is safe and effective. The low incidence of recurrence and complications in this series indicates that preoperative embolization may not be necessary for lesions that have not undergone extensive spread; instead, intraoperative bleeding can be adequately controlled with good hypotensive general anesthesia.

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Available from: Farnoosh Sokhandon, Mar 26, 2015
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    • "Because of its high degree of vascularization, bleeding during surgery is a crucial topic. Some studies compared the blood loss between endoscopic and external approaches, showing a lower loss in endoscopic surgery [78, 79]. However, the reliability of these data requires confirmation since JAs treated by an open approach usually have a higher stage than those resected endoscopically. "
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    ABSTRACT: Juvenile angiofibroma is a rare benign lesion originating from the pterygopalatine fossa with distinctive epidemiologic features and growth patterns. The typical patient is an adolescent male with a clinical history of recurrent epistaxis and nasal obstruction. Although the use of nonsurgical therapies is described in the literature, surgery is currently considered the ideal treatment for juvenile angiofibroma. Refinement in preoperative embolization has provided significant reduction of complications and intraoperative bleeding with minimal risk of residual disease. During the last decade, an endoscopic technique has been extensively adopted as a valid alternative to external approaches in the management of small-intermediate size juvenile angiofibromas. Herein, we review the evolution in the management of juvenile angiofibroma with particular reference to recent advances in diagnosis and treatment.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare different surgical options used for removal of stages I and II juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas (JNAs). Treatment morbidity was evaluated through blood loss, surgery duration, postoperative hospitalization and outcome. Moreover, an effort was made to explore the role and limits of endoscopic surgery. 20 male patients (mean age 14.9 years) were treated for JNA using three different surgical approaches in the Department of Otolaryngology of the University of Athens between May 1998 and January 2007. 9 patients were managed using endoscopic approach, while 5 were treated through midfacial degloving. A transpalatal approach was performed in remaining 6 patients. Preoperative angiography with embolization was performed in all 9 patients who underwent endoscopic removal and in 3 patients treated by midfacial degloving technique. Findings demonstrated that endoscopic approach, assisted by preoperative embolization, lead to less intraoperative blood loss, shorter duration of surgical procedure, shorter length of hospital stay and no complications, compared with the conventional techniques. Our data suggest that with proper patient selection, endoscopic resection of stages I and II JNA, when it is performed after embolization of the feeding vessels, is remarkably bloodless and precise and may be preferable to traditional open approaches.
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