Tumoral, quasitumoral and pseudotumoral lesions of the superficial and somatic soft tissue: New entities and new variants of old entities recorded during the last 25 years. Part XII: Appendix

Department of Pathology, IRCCS Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy.
Pathologica 09/2006; 98(4):239-98.
Source: PubMed


In an eleven part series published in Pathologica, we have presented various tumoral, quasitumoral and pseudotumoral lesions of the superficial and somatic soft tissue (ST), which emerged as new entities or as variants of established entities during the last quarter of a century. Detailed clinicomorphological and differential diagnostic features of approximately sixty entities were chosen on the basis of their clinical significance and morphologic distinctiveness. The series included fibrous and myofibroblastic tumors (e.g. solitary fibrous tumor, high grade classic and pigmented dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor and myofibrosarcomas), fibromyxoid and fibrohistiocytic neoplasms (e.g., Evans' tumor, phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor, inflammatory myxohyaline tumor), special adipocytic/vascular/and smooth muscle lesions (e.g., chondroid lipoma, Dabska's tumor, ST hemangioblastoma, lipoleiomyosarcoma), epithelioid mesenchymal malignancies of diverse lineages (e.g., epithelioid liposarcoma, proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma, neuroendocrine extraskeletal chondromyxoid sarcoma), ST Ewing's tumor and peripheral nerve sheath tumors (perineuriomas and pigmented and rosetting tumors of the schwannoma/neurofibroma group), extranodal dendritic or histiocytic proliferative processes (follicular dendritic cell sarcoma, Rosai-Dorfman disease, Castleman's disease, and plexiform xanthomatous tumor), and tumors with myoepithelial differentiation. The section devoted to selected pseudotumoral entities considered representatives of the hamartoma group (neural fibrolipomatous hamartoma, ectopic hamartomatous thymoma, rudimentary meningocele), metabolic diseases (amyloid tumor, nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy, tophaceous pseudogout, pseudoinfiltrative parathyromatosis), stromal tissue reactions to trauma (fibroosseous pseudotumors of digits) and infections (bacillary angiomatosis), and normal organs (glomus coccygeum). To conclude the descriptive phase, supplementary material has now been collected and appended in an attempt to provide a quick digest of essential knowledge both for comparison and differential diagnosis. The data have been tailored to synthesize diverse sources, integrating clinical elements and references to articles that previously appeared in Part I ("Introduction"), Part II ("The List and Review of New Entities") and Parts III to XI ("Excerpta"). At the very least we hope this final part ("Appendix") will provide the reader with a useful tabular organization of ST lesions and a reference resource.

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    • "SFTs are mesenchymal neoplasms mainly found in adults with a mean age in the fifth decade, without a gender predilection.1-4 Many SFTs were previously classified as hemangiopericytomas or pericytoma-like tumors but, because cells of hemangiopericytomas show a fibroblastic differentiation rather than a pericytic feature, the term hemangiopericytoma was progressively abandoned. "
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    ABSTRACT: Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are rare, ubiquitous neoplasms of mesenchymal origin, with distinctive histopathological and immunohistochemical features. We herein report an unusual case of a presacral SFT diagnosed in an asymptomatic 40-year-old woman preoperatively investigated with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Post-operative pathology examination showed a SFT containing foci of extramedullary hematopoiesis. Revision of preoperative imaging did not evidenced any findings suggesting this unusual association. The patient was free from local recurrence and metastases one year after operation. Differential radiological and histological diagnoses of solid presacral masses is briefly discussed.
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    ABSTRACT: Solitary fibrous tumours of the parapharyngeal space are a very rare finding and have been described less than 10 times in the English literature. The Authors discuss a clinical case of a solitary fibrous tumour in the parapharyngeal space in a 77-year-old male, who had begun treatment for a newly discovered obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome with a continuous positive airway pressure - device one year prior to diagnosis. This rare location of an uncommon lesion often gives rise to difficulty in diagnosis or to misdiagnosis and the Authors, therefore, made a review of the scientific literature and analysed the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures used. The importance of this report lies mainly in two aspects: on the one hand, the discussion concerning the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and on the other, the need of a thorough evaluation in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome patients before treating them with a chronic device like the continuous positive airway pressure device.
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