Identification of a novel signal in the cytoplasmic tail of the Na+: HCO3- cotransporter NBC1 that mediates basolateral targeting

Dept. of Internal Medicine, Div. of Nephrology and Hypertension, Univ. of Cincinnati, 231 Albert Sabin Way, MSB G259, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0585, USA.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology (Impact Factor: 3.25). 05/2007; 292(4):F1245-55. DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00410.2006
Source: PubMed


The Na(+):HCO(3)(-) cotransporter NBC1 (SLC4A4, variant A, kidney specific) is located exclusively on the basolateral membrane of epithelial cells, implying that this molecule has acquired specific signals for targeting to the basolateral membrane. A motif with the sequence QQPFLS (positions 1010-1015) in the cytoplasmic tail of NBC1 was recently demonstrated to mediate targeting of NBC1 to the basolateral membrane. Here, we demonstrate that mutating the amino acid F (phenylalanine) or L (leucine) at positions 1013 or 1014 to alanine, respectively, resulted in the retargeting of NBC1 to the apical membrane. Furthermore, mutation of the FL motif to FF showed similar properties as the wild-type; however, mutation of the FL motif to LL showed significant intracellular retention of NBC1. Mutating the amino acids Q-Q-P and S (positions 1010-1011-1012 and 1015) to A-A-A and A, respectively, did not affect the membrane targeting of NBC1. Functional studies in oocytes with microelectrode demonstrated that the apically targeted mutants, as well as basolaterally targeted mutants, are all functional. We propose that the FL motif in the COOH-terminal tail of NBC1 is essential for the targeting of NBC1 to the basolateral membrane but is distinct from the membrane-targeting di-leucine motif identified in other membrane proteins.

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Available from: Manoocher Soleimani, Nov 19, 2015
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    • "Like TfR, LDLR is basolateral in WT MDCK and nonpolar in AP-1B KD MDCK cells and LLC-PK1 cells (Folsch et al, 1999; Gan et al, 2002; Gravotta et al, 2007). In contrast, the bicarbonate transporter NCB1 localizes basolaterally in kidney proximal tubule cells indicating that its basolateral localization mechanism is independent of AP-1B (Li et al, 2007). "
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    ABSTRACT: Polarized epithelial cells take up nutrients from the blood through receptors that are endocytosed and recycle back to the basolateral plasma membrane (PM) utilizing the epithelial-specific clathrin adaptor AP-1B. Some native epithelia lack AP-1B and therefore recycle cognate basolateral receptors to the apical PM, where they carry out important functions for the host organ. Here, we report a novel transcytotic pathway employed by AP-1B-deficient epithelia to relocate AP-1B cargo, such as transferrin receptor (TfR), to the apical PM. Lack of AP-1B inhibited basolateral recycling of TfR from common recycling endosomes (CRE), the site of function of AP-1B, and promoted its transfer to apical recycling endosomes (ARE) mediated by the plus-end kinesin KIF16B and non-centrosomal microtubules, and its delivery to the apical membrane mediated by the small GTPase rab11a. Hence, our experiments suggest that the apical recycling pathway of epithelial cells is functionally equivalent to the rab11a-dependent TfR recycling pathway of non-polarized cells. They define a transcytotic pathway important for the physiology of native AP-1B-deficient epithelia and report the first microtubule motor involved in transcytosis.
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    ABSTRACT: A C-terminal dihydrophobic FL motif plays a vital role in the basolateral targeting of sodium bicarbonate cotransporter 1. To further characterize the role of dihydrophobic FL motif, 1). the FL motif in wild type (PFLS) was reversed to LF (PLFS), 2). the FL motif (PFLS) was shifted upstream (FLPS), and 3). the FL motif (PFLS) was shifted downstream (PSFL). The wild type (PFLS) and its mutant (PLFS) were exclusively expressed on the basolateral membrane by con-focal microscopy, however, the mutant (FLPS) and (PSFL) were predominantly mistargeted to the apical membrane and the cytoplasm, respectively. Functional studies showed that the mutant (PSFL) displayed a remarkably reduced current (p value<0.05 vs wild type). The mutant (PSFL) displayed a more reduced membrane surface expression than the wild type and was co-localized with ER marker. The protein sequence spanning FL motif in kNBC1 C-terminal cytoplasmic tail shows a helical structure, mutants (PLFS) and (PSFL) reduce a-helical contents by circular dichroism study. Reversed FL isn't a constraint for basolateral targeting, but shifting it upstream and downstream are ones.
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    ABSTRACT: The sodium-bicarbonate cotransporter NBC1 is targeted exclusively at the basolateral membrane. Mutagenesis of a dihydrophobic FL motif (residues 1013-1014) in the C-terminal domain disrupts the targeting of NBC1. In the present study, we determined the precise constraints of the FL motif required for basolateral targeting of NBC1 by expressing epitope-tagged wild-type and mutant NBC1 in MDCK cells and RNA-injected Xenopus oocytes and examining their subcellular localization. We assayed the functional activity of the mutants by measuring bicarbonate-induced currents in oocytes. Wild-type NBC1 (containing PFLS) was expressed exclusively on the basolateral membrane in MDCK cells. Reversal of the FL motif (PLFS) had no effect on basolateral targeting or activity. Shifting the FL motif one residue upstream (FLPS) resulted in mistargeting of the apical membrane but the FLPS mutant retained its functional activity in oocytes. Shifting the FL motif one residue downstream resulted in a mutant (PSFL) that did not efficiently translocate to the plasma membrane and was instead colocalized with the ER marker, protein disulfide isomerase (PDI). Analysis of circular dichroism (CD) revealed that a short peptide, 20 amino acid residues, of wild-type NBC1 contained a significant alpha-helical structure, whereas peptides in which the FL motif was reversed or C-terminally shifted were disordered. We therefore propose that the specific orientation and the precise location of the FL motif in the primary sequence of NBC1 are strict requirements for the alpha-helical structure of the C-terminal cytoplasmic domain and for targeting of NBC1 to the basolateral membrane.
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