A Novel Type of Membranes Based on Cholesteryl Phosphate
Centre de Neurochimie, 5 rue Blaise Pascal, F-67084 Strasbourg.Chemistry & Biodiversity (Impact Factor: 1.52). 01/2004; 1(1):124-8. DOI: 10.1002/cbdv.200490003
Mixtures of the rigid amphiphile disodium cholesteryl phosphate (DCP) with the non-phosphorylated diacyl amphiphile dimyristoylglycerol (DMG) give self-organized systems in a wide range of pH, as demonstrated by differential microcalorimetry. These systems can be closed bilayer vesicles, as shown by optical microscopy (Nomarski and confocal). Neither DMG nor DCP, taken alone, give vesicles in these conditions but 10% DMG is enough to lead to the formation of vesicles from pH 5.8 to 9.3. These novel self-organized systems are akin to the classical eucaryotic ones, built on a phosphorylated diacylglycerol and free cholesterol (or analogues), the only difference being the site of the phosphate head-group.
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ABSTRACT: Mixtures of amphiphilic cholesteryl phosphate (CP), sitosteryl phosphate (SP), or cholesteryl phosphocholine (CPC) with the nonphosphoryl diacyl lipid dimyristoylglycerol (DMG) or with cholesterol give self-organized systems (giant vesicles) in a wide range of pH, as demonstrated by fluorescence microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and small-angle X-ray scattering. The water permeability of a 1 : 1 molar mixture of CPC and DMG was also measured by a stopped-flow/light-scattering method. The novel self-organized systems are akin to natural eukaryotic ones, the only difference being the site of the phosphate-containing head-group, located on cholesterol instead of DMG. They might be present in some organisms not yet studied for the composition of their membranes.
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