Monosomy 7 as the sole abnormality of an acute basophilic leukemia

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, South Korea.
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics (Impact Factor: 1.93). 02/2007; 172(2):168-71. DOI: 10.1016/j.cancergencyto.2006.09.016
Source: PubMed


We report the case of a 72-year-old man who had the very rare disease acute basophilic leukemia with the sole chromosomal finding of a monosomy 7. Most nuclear cells in the peripheral blood and bone marrow samples were either basophils or blasts. The blasts showed negative reaction with myeloperoxidase, periodic acid Schiff, chloroacetate esterase, alpha-naphthyl butyrate esterase, acid phosphatase, and Sudan black B. Metachromatic features of the blasts, however, were observed with toluidine blue stain. Electron microscopic evaluation showed the typical ultrastructure, with basophil and immature mast cell granules. Cytogenetic study revealed monosomy 7 in all metaphase cells, and this finding was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization. The Philadelphia chromosome was absent. Review of the literature revealed abnormalities in cases of ABL. To our knowledge, the case reported here is the first to have basophilic leukemia with monosomy 7 as the only chromosome abnormality.

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    • "A mechanism of the action has been recognized to some of these chromosomal alterations into of these transformations [1] [2]. Usually, only one primary chromosome change is present in the same leukemic clone [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]. But two or more chromosomal anomalies have been described in few reports, especially in basophilic leukemia (BL) [8]. "
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of acute basophilic leukemia with two coexisting clonal abnormalities, t(9;22) and trisomy 19. The blast showed positive reaction with myeloperoxidase but negative reaction with chloroacetate esterase and acid phosphatase. Metachromatic features of the blast were observed with toluidine blue stain. Ultrastructure study showed the presence of azurophilic granules in basophils and blast mast cells. Conventional and molecular cytogenetic studies revealed, t(9;22) with BCR/ABL positive and trisomy 19 in all metaphase cells. To our knowledge, this paper here is the first to present acute basophilic leukemia with trisomy 19 and t(9;22).
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    ABSTRACT: Acute basophilic leukemia (ABL) is an uncommon form of acute myelogenous leukemia recently recognized as a distinct entity in the World Health Organization classification of myeloid malignancies. A case is presented of ABL arising from chronic myelogenous leukemia with development of t(7;8)(q32;q13). Discussion includes a literature review.
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