Relationship of Coping Styles With Quality of Life and Depressive Symptoms in Older Heart Failure Patients
University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA. Journal of Aging and Health
(Impact Factor: 1.56).
03/2007; 19(1):22-38. DOI: 10.1177/0898264306296398
This study examines the relationship between coping styles, quality of life, and depressive symptoms in older heart failure patients. Eighty heart failure patients seeking treatment in an outpatient heart failure or family practice clinic participated in a study examining depression, disability, and heart failure. Patients completed a clinical interview and questionnaires about mood, functional impairment, comorbid illness, quality of life, and coping. Heart failure severity and maladaptive coping styles, including denial, self-distraction, and self-blame, negatively affected quality of life and depressive symptoms. The use of maladaptive coping strategies involves efforts that divert attention from the illness and suggests the need to provide heart failure patients the skills to directly address the stress associated with their illness. Interventions that target these coping strategies may help patients take a more active role in their heart failure management and may improve psychological and cardiac outcomes.
Available from: Crystal L Park
- "In the context of CHF, active, approach-orientated coping is positively related to positive CHF outcomes, such as psychological wellbeing and improved health-related quality of life (Graven et al., 2014). Inadequate coping with stress promotes the development of depressive symptoms (Allman et al., 2009), poorer quality of life (Klein et al., 2007), higher risk for physical dysfunction (Eisenberg et al., 2012), and increased heart failure (HF)-related mortality (Graven et al., 2014). However, very few studies have explored the degree to which an active coping style is associated with adoption of various potentially beneficial health behaviors by patients with a chronic illness to improve their health (Parelkar et al., 2013). "
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ABSTRACT: This longitudinal study applied a stress and coping model to examine the differential pathways of perceived positive and negative health behavior changes. Participants with congestive heart failure completed self-report measures of psychological resources, coping strategies, and perceived behavior changes and were assessed again 6 months later. Patients with higher positive affect and spiritual well-being reported more positive health behavior changes over time, effects mediated by approach coping. Alternatively, patients with lower psychological resources reported more negative behavior changes over time, effects mediated by avoidance coping. The results suggest that different psychological resources are related to different types of coping which, in turn, are associated with perceived positive or negative changes in health behavior over time.
© The Author(s) 2015.
Available from: PubMed Central
- "We were unable to find empirical evidence specifically linking positive reframing to facets of health among community-dwelling older women. Regarding emotion-focused coping strategies that are potentially less adaptive, there is research evidence that self-distraction is a significant correlate of worse health outcomes and lower quality of life in heart failure patients , and that behavioral disengagement is a predictor of greater physical distress among cancer survivors , in line with Lazarus and Folkman's conceptualization  adopted herein. Moreover, findings on younger patients with health conditions such as psoriasis indicate that both behavioral disengagement and alcohol use are significantly and positively related to subjective physical disability ; once again, these findings might not generalize to our target population. "
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ABSTRACT: Although empirical evidence is available on the coping-health link in older age, research on this topic is needed with non-clinical samples of ethnically diverse older women. To contribute to filling such a research gap, we tested whether these women's general health and functional limitations were associated with specific coping strategies (selected for their particular relevance to health issues) and with known health-related demographics, i.e., age, ethnicity, income, and married status.
In this cross-sectional study, respondents were recruited at community facilities including stores and senior centers. The sample consisted of 180 community-dwelling women (age 52-98) screened for dementia; 64% of them reported having an ethnic minority status. The assessment battery contained the Mini-Cog, a demographics list, the Brief COPE, and the Medical Outcome Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey.
Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that older women who used behavioral disengagement and, to a smaller degree, self-distraction as a form of coping reported lower levels of general health. The opposite was the case for positive reframing and, to a lesser degree, substance use. Moreover, lower income was related to worse general health and (together with more advanced age) physical functioning. None of the coping strategies achieved significance in the physical functioning model.
These cross-sectional findings need corroboration by longitudinal research prior to developing related clinical interventions. Based on the initial evidence provided herein, clinicians working with this population should consider establishing the therapeutic goal of increasing the use of positive reframing while diminishing behavioral disengagement.
Available from: Graca Cardoso
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