Etoricoxib Tolerability in Patients with Hypersensitivity to Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

ArticleinInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology 143(2):103-8 · February 2007with5 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.67 · DOI: 10.1159/000098658 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    Adverse reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly observed, particularly among patients with chronic urticaria or asthma. The identification of a safe and reliable alternative is a frequent problem in clinical practice. Our aim was to investigate the clinical tolerability of etoricoxib, a new selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, in a group of patients with well-established NSAID hypersensitivity.
    We assessed 31 adults (21 women and 10 men) who reported one or more adverse reactions to NSAIDs, manifested as cutaneous, respiratory or anaphylactic symptoms. Sixteen of them reported reactions to a single NSAID (single reactors) and 15 to more than one NSAID (multiple reactors); the most frequently involved drug was acetylsalicylic acid. First, each patient underwent allergologic tests (skin and/or oral challenge tests) with culprit NSAIDs and then tolerability tests with increasing doses of etoricoxib up to 120 mg. All challenges were performed under single-blind, placebo-controlled conditions.
    NSAID hypersensitivity was diagnosed in all 31 patients: 3 displayed positive results to pyrazolone skin tests and the other 28 to challenges with culprit NSAIDs. None reacted to either placebos or etoricoxib.
    Etoricoxib seems to be a safe alternative for patients with well-demonstrated NSAID hypersensitivity.