Antinociceptive and antiarthritic activity of Cissampelos pareira roots
Banaras Hindu University, Vārānasi, Uttar Pradesh, India Journal of Ethnopharmacology
(Impact Factor: 3).
06/2007; 111(3):531-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2006.12.026
In the present study, 50% aqueous ethanolic extract of Cissampelos pareira (Menispermaceae) roots (C. pareira) at the dose levels of 100-400 mg/kg, once daily for 3 days exhibited significant (P < 0.001) resistance against mechanical pain after 30 min in analgesymeter induced pain in mice. In acetic acid (0.6%; i.p.) inducing writhing, Cissampelos pareira significantly (P < 0.05) decreased the writhing episodes; the degree of percent protection at 200 and 400 mg/kg was 22.73 and 51.63. The hot plate reaction time was increased by 2.07 (P < 0.05) and 2.70 (P < 0.001) folds. respectively. Further Cissampelos pareira showed the dose dependent significant protective effect against complete Freund's adjuvant induced arthritis. The percentage protection on the 18th day was 40.54 (P < 0.01) and 71.52 (P < 0.001) at 200 and 400 mg/kg respectively. Lysosomal enzymes (acid phosphatase and N-acetyl glucosaminidase) were decreased by 50% (P < 0.01) and 26.26% (P < 0.05) by using Cissampelos pareira, dextramethasone decreased them 56.56% (P < 0.01) and 31.82% (P < 0.01) and the glycoprotein contents (total hexose and sialic acid) were increased by 1.55-folds (P < 0.01) and 1.51-folds (P < 0.05) by using Cissampelos pareira while dextramethasone increases them by 1.51-folds (P < 0.001) and 1.60-folds (P < 0.01) respectively in stomach homogenate with respect to arthritic group. The increased pain threshold and protective effect against CFE by Cissampelos pareira vindicated its medicinal value in treatment of pain and arthritis.
Available from: Mohd Ulul Ilmie Ahmad Nazri
- "The extract produced was standardized with reference to the amount of mitragynine content using validated GC-MS method. Dried extract was stored at 4 • C until further use (Amresh et al., 2007). "
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ABSTRACT: Mitragyna speciosa Korth, or better known as ketum, has long been used by traditional folk around Southeast Asia to prevent fatigue from working under hot tropical weather and as a replacement of opium, which can then cause addiction. To date, no findings have been reported of the toxic effect of ketum subchronically (28 days). Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the toxicity of subchronic effect of standardized methanolic extract of ketum (SMEMS) in Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were orally administered with 100, 200, and 500 mg/kg of SMEMS for 28 days. Body weights were recorded daily. They were terminated at day 28 to obtain data for hematology, biochemistry, and histopathology of the brain, liver, kidney, lung, heart, sciatic nerve, and spinal cord. The SMEMS affected body weight compared to control group. Biochemistry findings showed that liver and kidney were affected with the abnormal values in AST, creatinine, globulin, glucose, total protein, and urea. However, SMEMS produced toxic effect more to liver, kidney, and lung than other organs as observed histopathologically. The results suggested subchronic exposure of ketum is toxic to the physiology of the animals.
Available from: Dr. Satyendra K Prasad
- "After 30 min, writhing was induced in mice by intraperitoneal injection of 0.6% acetic acid (10 mL/kg, i.p.). The number of writhing was counted over a period of 20 min, as previously reported (Amresha et al., 2007). "
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ABSTRACT: The plant Jasminum sambac L. (Oleaceae) is cultivated throughout India. The leaves and roots of the plant are used traditionally in the treatment of inflammation, fever and pain. The leaves of the plant have been reported to posses significant anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities.
To scientifically validate anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-pyretic activities of roots from J. sambac.
Ethanol root extract of J. sambac (EJS) was standardized using HPTLC and was subjected to acute oral toxicity study. Further, analgesic activity of EJS at 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, p.o. was evaluated using writhing test on Swiss albino mice and tail-flick test on Charles Foster albino rats. Anti-inflammatory activity of EJS was assessed by carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema, cotton pellet-induced granuloma and Freund's adjuvant-induced arthritis models, while antipyretic activity was evaluated using Brewer's yeast induced pyrexia. In addition, biochemical parameters such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), lipid peroxidation (LPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in blood serum and edematous tissue of rats exposed to acute (carrageenan) and granulomatous tissue in sub-chronic (cotton pellet granuloma) inflammation models were also evaluated.
Phytochemical analysis of EJS revealed the presence of flavonoids, phenols, saponins, tannins and carbohydrates in major quantities, while the quantity of hesperidin in EJS (using HPTLC) was found to be 4.25 % w/w. EJS at 400 mg/kg, p.o. reduced writhing count up to 49.21%, whereas in tail-flick test, EJS in a dose dependent manner increased latency in flicking tail. EJS at 400 mg/kg, p.o. showed significant anti-inflammatory activity after 2(nd), 3(rd), 4(th) and 6(th) h of treatment in carrageenan-induced edema, while a 33.58% inhibition in cotton pellet induced granuloma formation was observed at same dose level. EJS significantly (p<0.001) inhibited adjuvant-induced arthritis and also showed significant antipyretic activity. Further, a significant reversal in alterations of all the biochemical parameters (except ALP) in tissues was also observed.
The study confirms the anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activity of EJS which may be attributed to the presence of various phytoconstituents quantified especially hesperidin which have already been reported for its significant role in treatment of inflammation and associated problems.
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
- "It is frequently prescribed for cough, dyspepsia, dropsy, urinogenitial disorder such as prolepsis uteri, cystitis and menorrhagia (Singh et al. 2010; Arora et al. 2012). The roots are also reported to have significant antibacterial (Adesina 1982), immunomodulatory (Bafna & Mishra 2010), anti-arthritic (Amresh et al. 2007) and anti-fertility effects (Ganguly et al. 2007). C. pareira contains a number of alkaloids, especially bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloids showing significant and reproducible inhibitory activity against human carcinoma cells of the naso-pharynx (Morita, Kouji, et al. 1993; Morita, Matsumoto, et al. 1993). "
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ABSTRACT: Eleven constituents were characterised by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis, and five molecules were isolated using column chromatography. The in vitro study of the extract and isolated molecules against KB and SiHa cell lines revealed oleanolic acid (1) and oleic acid (2) as potent cytotoxic molecules with potential anticancer activity. The IC50 values of n-hexane extract (CPHF), oleanolic acid (1) and oleic acid (2) were >300, 56.08 and 70.7 μg/mL (μM), respectively, against KB cell lines and >300, 47.24 and 80.2 μg/mL (μM), respectively, against SiHa cell lines.
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