Increasing Knowledge of Sexually Transmitted Infection Risk
University of South Florida, Tallahassee, FL, USA.The Nurse Practitioner 03/2007; 32(2):26-32. DOI: 10.1097/00006205-200702000-00006
Article: STI education still critical.
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ABSTRACT: This study examined the effects of future certainty (the perceptions an individual has about how positive and certain their future is) on adolescents' and young adults' sexual knowledge and sexual attitudes. This longitudinal study measured sexual knowledge and attitudes one year after an initial measure of future certainty. Ethnic differences among these relationships were also examined for Hispanic, African American and white adolescents in an attempt to explain some of the variability in sexual risk for these ethnic groups. A total of 2900 male and 3081 female youth were drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), and were measured on four aspects of future certainty: life certainty (e.g., life expectancy), health certainty (i.e., sexually transmitted infection risk), marriage certainty, and college certainty. Results using analysis of variance showed that white youth were less at-risk of perceiving negative and uncertain futures than their peers. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses also showed that the future certainty variables predicted sexual knowledge and permissive sexual attitudes one year later, after controlling for individual and family characteristics. However, the direction of the relationship was dependent on the type of future certainty, and not all relationships held for all three ethnic groups. The study provides important information for intervention research targeting youth who are at-risk for engaging in high risk sexual behaviours.
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ABSTRACT: The study was designed to assess the level of knowledge of sexually transmitted infections and possible factors associated with knowledge of patients attending outpatient clinic in University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. This is to enable appropriate advocacy targeted on at risk population so as to control sexually transmitted infections and prevent its complications in this environment. A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out on patients attending outpatient clinics of the hospital from February to July, 2010. All volunteered participants were given a self-administered structured questionnaire. Out of the 592 interviewed, 242 (40.9%) were males and 350 (59.1%) were females. Although, knowledge of sexually transmitted infections was high in the general population, especially among those with postsecondary school education (85.4%) and the drivers (90.9%), it was relatively low among the adolescents and the youths who are the most vulnerable in this environment (χ2 = 14.343; p < 0.05). News media was the highest source of information about Sexually Transmitted Infections. Age, educational level and the type of occupation appear to be important factors affecting knowledge. Therefore, health education about Sexually transmitted infections targeted at this risk group may yield positive result.
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