Summary statement IV: Obesity and diabetes: Opportunities for translation of basic research
The worldwide epidemics of obesity and diabetes that have emerged in the 21st century are creating a major public heath problem, having struck developed countries as well as those still developing. With our present clinical tools, abilities, and understanding, we may not be prepared to respond adequately to the demands or be able to engage in effective prevention strategies. The underlying pathophysiological reasons for the increases in both obesity and diabetes may be closely related through abnormality in endothelial cells. Diverse expertise from within and outside the public health arena will be needed to explore the health implications from an "endothelium" perspective and identify those at risk for the development of chronic disease. Identification of new biological markers and better measures of current biological marker will both be critical in understanding and addressing the ongoing epidemic of chronic diseases.
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