[Effect of cardiopulmonary bypass on CD11/CD18 expression of neutrophils in children undergoing cardiac surgery]
To investigate the changes in perioperative expression level of CD11/CD18 of neutrophils in children undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Thirty children patients with congenital heart disease underwent cardiac surgery with CPB (CPB group) and the control group consisted of 20 children who received thoracic or general surgery without CPB. Blood samples were drawn at the following time points: pre-surgery, 15 min after onset of CPB, immediately after CPB, 2 h after surgery and on the 1st, 2nd, 3rd postoperative day. D11/CD18 expression on neutrophils and serum concentration of IL-6 and IL-8 were analyzed by flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. In CPB group plasma levels of IL-6 and IL-8 increased significantly and peaked at 2 h after initiation of CPB (P<0.05), and descended to the after-anesthesia level at 3rd day after operation. In non-CPB group there was a similar trend of changes in IL-6 and IL-8, but to a much lesser extent. The level of CD11b/CD18 in CPB group began to increase significantly and peaked at 15 min after initiation of CPB (P <0.05), and descended to the after-anesthesia level at 2 h after operation. There was no significant changes of CD11b/CD18 in control group (P >0.05). No significant differences were detected at any time points with respect to expression of CD11a/CD18 and CD11c/CD18 in both groups (P >0.05). CPB surgery of children can cause increasing of the CD11b/CD18 expression level of neutrophil but has no significant effect on CD11a/CD18 and CD11c/CD18. CD11b/CD18 may play an important role in the systemic inflammation induced by CPB.