Limonoids from the Seeds of the Marine Mangrove Xylocarpus granatum

State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Institute of Materia Medica, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zu Chong Zhi Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park, Shanghai 201203, People's Republic of China.
Journal of Natural Products (Impact Factor: 3.8). 05/2007; 70(4):682-5. DOI: 10.1021/np060632k
Source: PubMed


Five new limonoids, granaxylocarpins A-E (1-5), were isolated from the seeds of the Chinese marine mangrove Xylocarpus granatum. Granaxylocarpins A (1) and B (2) are mexicanolide-type limonoids with a 9,10-seco skeleton, and granaxylocarpin C (3) possesses an 8alpha,30alpha-epoxy ring and a rare 1,29-oxygen bridge. The structures of these limonoids were characterized on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis performed on 4. The structure of xyloccensin U (4a) was revised as 4b by comparison with granaxylocarpin D (4). The cytotoxicity of these isolates was evaluated against the P-388 and A-549 tumor cell lines.

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