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Factor Xa Inhibitors: S1 Binding Interactions of a Series of N -{( 3S )-1-[( 1S )-1-Methyl-2-morpholin-4-yl-2-oxoethyl]-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl}sulfonamides †

CVU UK Medicinal Chemistry Department, GlaxoSmithKline Research and Development, Medicines Research Centre, Gunnels Wood Road, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, United Kingdom.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (Impact Factor: 5.45). 05/2007; 50(7):1546-57. DOI: 10.1021/jm060870c
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Factor Xa inhibitory activities for a series of N-{(3S)-1-[(1S)-1-methyl-2-morpholin-4-yl-2-oxoethyl]-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl}sulfonamides with different P1 groups are described. These data provide insight into binding interactions within the S1 primary specificity pocket; rationales are presented for the derived SAR on the basis of electronic interactions through crystal structures of fXa-ligand complexes and molecular modeling studies. A good correlation between in vitro anticoagulant activities with lipophilicity and the extent of human serum albumin binding is observed within this series of potent fXa inhibitors. Pharmacokinetic profiles in rat and dog, together with selectivity over other trypsin-like serine proteases, identified 1f as a candidate for further evaluation.

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    • "Therefore the development of antithrombotics is a major focus of pharmaceutical research 18 . Chan et al., (2007) have designed and synthesized a series of novel sulfonamides with different P1 groups that can inhibit Factor Xa. Highly selective and potent thrombin and FXa inhibitors with good anticoagulant properties have been identified and show promise for chronic oral administration. "
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    ABSTRACT: The "International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences" (IJPBS) is an international journal in English published quarterly. The aim of IJPBS is to publish peer reviewed research and review articles rapidly without delay in the developing field of pharmaceutical and biological sciences www.ijpbs.net
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    ABSTRACT: Thromboembolic disease is caused by improper functioning of the blood coagulation process. The serine protease Factor Xa plays a central role in the coagulation cascade. FXa inhibitors have been identified to maintain a patient's blood level within the therapeutic range and also shown to activate clotting over a much wider concentration range than thrombin in invitro assays. Predicting the binding structure of substrate in its receptor (docking simulation) is an effective way, which is used successfully in many applications. Novel and orally active FXa inhibitors incorporating 6-chloro-N-[(3S)-1- substituted-2-oxo-3-pyrrolidinyl]-2-napthalenesulfonamides presented here exhibit good anticoagulant and antithrombotic properties. An ADME (Absorption, Digestion, Metabolism and Excretion) screening was done for second-generation potent drug development. Further, QSAR (Quantity Structure Activity Relationship) activity was also tested using Schrödinger Suite 2009. Insilico analysis proved that compound 1F can be used as a lead compound for the anti-coagulant and anti-inflammatory pathways.
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    ABSTRACT: The presented study contributes to the fundamental understanding of molecular recognition of small molecules by a macromolecular host protein. The biophysical properties of a large set of systematically varied thrombin inhibitors were anatomized in detail. In particular the combination of structural information from X-ray crystallography with thermodynamic data from microcalorimetry allowed following the thermodynamically relevant differences resulting in the binding process. The approach of systematically varying biophysical properties of protein inhibitors in small steps permits conclusive statements on the contribution of individual functionalities to binding affinity, as the outstanding complexity of the binding thermodynamics could be reduced to the comparison of closely related inhibitors. Reorganization of solute molecules was explicitly considered in all discussions of the factors determining the widely varying binding affinity of the inhibitors to their target. Diese Arbeit trägt zum tieferen Verständnis der grundlegenden Prinzipien bei, die bei der Bindung eines kleinen Moleküls an ein makromolekulares Protein relevant sind. Um im Detail die attraktiven Kräfte zu beschreiben, die in einer „molekularen Erkennung“ beider Moleküle resultieren, wurde eine Serie von 96 systematisch variierten Thrombininhibitoren biophysikalisch charakterisiert. Insbesondere die Kombination von struktureller Information aus der Röntgenkristallographie mit mikrokalorimetrisch gewonnenen thermodynamischen Daten erlaubte es, relative Unterschiede in den Bindungseigenschaften der Inhibitoren zu deuten. Durch diese systematische und kleinschrittige Variation der Inhibitoren war es möglich, zuverlässige Rückschlüsse auf den Beitrag einzelner funktioneller Gruppen oder Atome zur Bindungsaffinität zu machen, da die außerordentliche Komplexität der affinitätsbestimmenden Parameter auf den direkten Vergleich sehr ähnlicher Enzymliganden reduziert werden konnte. Dabei wurde durchweg die Reorganisation des Lösungsmittel bei der Inhibitorbindung in die Diskussion der stark variierenden Bindungsaffinitäten mit einbezogen.
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