Coenzyme Q10 Deficiency and Response to Supplementation in Pediatric and Adolescent Migraine

Division of Neurology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA.
Headache The Journal of Head and Face Pain (Impact Factor: 2.71). 01/2007; 47(1):73-80. DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2007.00652.x
Source: PubMed


Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) has been suggested to be effective in the prevention of migraine, and levels can be quantified with standardized reference ranges.
This study documents the prevalence of CoQ10 deficiency in migraine headache and examines the potential effectiveness of supplementation.
We assessed patients attending a tertiary care center with frequent headaches for CoQ10 deficiency. We recommended patients with low CoQ10 levels begin supplementation with CoQ10 as part of their multidisciplinary treatment plan. We assessed response to treatment including correction of CoQ10 deficiency, overall headache improvement, and headache disability.
CoQ10 was measured in 1550 patients (mean age 13.3 +/- 3.5, range 3 to 22 years). The mean total CoQ10 level was 0.60 +/- 0.20 microg/mL (range 0.21 to 1.77 microg/mL). Of these patients, 32.9% were below the reference range. Patients with low CoQ10 were recommended to start 1 to 3 mg/kg per day of CoQ10 in liquid gel capsule formulation. In a subset of patients who returned for timely follow-up (mean, 97 days), the total CoQ10 level improved to 1.20 +/- 0.59 microg/mL (P < .0001), while the headache frequency improved from 19.2 +/- 10.0 to 12.5 +/- 10.8 (P < .001) and headache disability assessed with PedMIDAS improved from 47.4 +/- 50.6 to 22.8 +/- 30.6 (P < .001).
Deficiency of CoQ10 may be common in pediatric and adolescent migraine. Determination of deficiency and consequent supplementation may result in clinical improvement. Further analysis involving more scientifically rigorous methodology will be required to confirm this observation.

55 Reads
  • Source
    • "A subsequent study [26] assessed plasma CoQ 10 levels in a large group of pediatric patients attending a tertiary care center for frequent headaches. Patients with low CoQ 10 were treated with CoQ 10 . "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recently, Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency has been implicated in the pathophysiology of fibromyalgia (FM). It is our objective to present the findings of the FM evaluation before and after oral CoQ10 treatment using the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Diagnostic Criteria of 1990 and 2010, and Symptom Checklist-Revised (Scl-90-R). Four patients with FM were examined using the trigger points, the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, visual analog scale (pain, fatigue, and sleep), Widespread Pain Index, symptom severity scale, and Scl-90-R. Previously, CoQ10 contents from patients were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. All patients showed CoQ10 deficiency. All patients meet the ACR 1990 and 2010 criteria. After treatment, all patients showed an important improvement in clinical symptoms in all evaluation methods. According to our results, and evaluated by three methods, patients with FM are candidates for treatment with CoQ10. However, more controlled clinical trials and investigations are needed to clarify the precise mechanism(s) by which CoQ10 may contribute in pathological and therapeutic processes of FM and to provide data on its effectiveness in FM.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Nutrition
  • Source
    • "Sample Oxidative unbalances Markers oxidative damage Ref. Blood Erythrocyte and Neutrophils Altered SOD/GPX-CAT ratio Increased MDA [72–74] Leukocytes Decreased GSSG:GSH ratio Decreased CoQ10 Increased DNA damage [13] [14] [48] [51] "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Structural changes and abnormal function of mitochondria have been documented in Down's syndrome (DS) cells, patients, and animal models. DS cells in culture exhibit a wide array of functional mitochondrial abnormalities including reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, reduced ATP production, and decreased oxido-reductase activity. New research has also brought to central stage the prominent role of oxidative stress in this condition. This review focuses on recent advances in the field with a particular emphasis on novel translational approaches involving the utilization of coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10) ) to treat a variety of clinical phenotypes associated with DS that are linked to increased oxidative stress and energy deficits. CoQ(10) has already provided promising results in several different conditions associated with altered energy metabolism and oxidative stress in the CNS. Two studies conducted in Ancona investigated the effect of CoQ(10) treatment on DNA damage in DS patients. Although the effect of CoQ(10) was evidenced only at single cell level, the treatment affected the distribution of cells according to their content in oxidized bases. In fact, it produced a strong negative correlation linking cellular CoQ(10) content and the amount of oxidized purines. Results suggest that the effect of CoQ(10) treatment in DS not only reflects antioxidant efficacy, but likely modulates DNA repair mechanisms.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2011 · BioFactors
  • Source
    • "33% of 1550 patients below reference range. Clinical improvement in a subset (Hershey et al., 2007). ME/CFS: decreased mean plasma level in patients. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For many years, a deficiency of monoamines including serotonin has been the prevailing hypothesis on depression, yet research has failed to confirm consistent relations between brain serotonin and depression. High degrees of overlapping comorbidities and common drug efficacies suggest that depression is one of a family of related conditions sometimes referred to as the "affective spectrum disorders", and variably including migraine, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia and generalized anxiety disorder, among many others. Herein, we present data from many different experimental modalities that strongly suggest components of mitochondrial dysfunction and inflammation in the pathogenesis of depression and other affective spectrum disorders. The three concepts of monoamines, energy metabolism and inflammatory pathways are inter-related in many complex manners. For example, the major categories of drugs used to treat depression have been demonstrated to exert effects on mitochondria and inflammation, as well as on monoamines. Furthermore, commonly-used mitochondrial-targeted treatments exert effects on mitochondria and inflammation, and are increasingly being shown to demonstrate efficacy in the affective spectrum disorders. We propose that interactions among monoamines, mitochondrial dysfunction and inflammation can inspire explanatory, rather than mere descriptive, models of these disorders.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2011 · Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
Show more