Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Ixodes ricinus ticks and human granulocytic anaplasmosis seroprevalence among forestry rangers in Białystok region.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Medical University of Białystok, Poland.
Advances in Medical Sciences (Impact Factor: 1.11). 02/2006; 51:283-6.
Source: PubMed


Human granulocytic anaplasmosis, former ehrlichiosis, is a tick-borne zoonosis of increasing recognition. The aim of the study was: 1) to assess the prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in recreational forests in Bialystok vicinity, the capital of podlaskie voivodship; 2) to evaluate the prevalence of IgG and IgM antibodies to A. phagocytophilum among forestry rangers from the same region.
Of the 372 ticks examined, 54 (14.5%) yield the positive PCR reaction. The highest prevalence was detected in females, up to 27.8% (37/133), almost one third lower in males--9.2% (13/142), followed by nymphs--4.1% (4/97). Human seropositivity study revealed IgG antibodies against A. phagocytophilum in 9 out of 231 individuals (3.9%). No IgM antibodies were found. Sixty-seven individuals 67/231 (29%) reported erythema migrans. IgM anti-Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies were detected in 32 out of 121 (26.4%) persons tested, IgG--in 43 out of 231 (18.6%).
The data obtained show relatively low A. phagocytophilum seroreactivity among professionally exposed to tick group of forestry workers despite high A. phagocytophilum infection level in the competent vector--I. ricinus ticks.

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