Article

# Spectroscopic Study of Neutron Shell Closures via Nucleon Transfer in the Near-Dripline Nucleus O 23

Rikkyo University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.51). 03/2007; 98(10):102502. DOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.98.102502 Source: PubMed

**ABSTRACT**

Neutron single particle energies have been measured in 23O using the 22O(d,p)23O*-->22O+n process. The energies of the resonant states have been deduced to be 4.00(2) MeV and 5.30(4) MeV. The first excited state can be assigned to the nu d3/2 single particle state from a comparison with shell model calculations. The measured 4.0 MeV energy difference between the nu s1/2 and nu d3/2 states gives the size of the N=16 shell gap which is in agreement with the recent USD05 ("universal" sd from 2005) shell model calculation, and is large enough to explain the unbound nature of the oxygen isotopes heavier than A=24. The resonance detected at 5.3 MeV can be assigned to a state out of the sd shell model space. Its energy corresponds to a approximately 1.3 MeV sized N=20 shell gap, therefore, the N=20 shell closure disappears at Z=8 in agreement with Monte Carlo shell model calculations using SDPF-M interaction.

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**ABSTRACT:**We have observed a resonance in neutron-fragment coincidence measurements that is presumably the first excited state of 23O at 2.8(1) MeV excitation energy which decays into the ground state of 22O. This interpretation is consistent with theory. The reaction mechanism supports the assignment of the observed state as the 5/2+ hole state. This assignment and the recently observed 3/2+ particle state advance the understanding of 23O. - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**How to identify the orbital of the valence nucleon(s) of exotic nuclei is an important problem. The elastic magnetic electron scattering is an excellent probe to determine the valence structure of odd-A nuclei. The relativistic mean-field theory has been successfully applied to systematic studies of the elastic charge electron scattering from even-even exotic nuclei. The extension of this method to investigate the elastic magnetic electron scattering from odd-A exotic nuclei is a natural generalization. The experimental form factors of 17O and 41Ca are reproduced very well with the help of the spectroscopic factors which are introduced into the relativistic treatment of the magnetic electron scattering for the first time. The emphases are put on the magnetic form factors of 15,17,19C, 23O, 17F, and 49,59Ca calculated in the relativistic impulse approximation. Great differences have been found in the form factors of the same nucleus with different configurations. Therefore, the elastic magnetic electron scattering can be used to determine the orbital of the last nucleon of odd-A exotic nuclei. Our results can provide references for the electron scattering from exotic nuclei in the near future. -
##### Article: Unbound excited states in C-19,C-17

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**ABSTRACT:**The neutron-rich carbon isotopes 19,17C have been investigated via proton inelastic scattering on a liquid hydrogen target at 70 MeV/nucleon. The invariant mass method in inverse kinematics was employed to reconstruct the energy spectrum, in which fast neutrons and charged fragments were detected in coincidence using a neutron hodoscope and a dipole magnet system. A peak has been observed with an excitation energy of 1.46(10) MeV in 19C, while three peaks with energies of 2.20(3), 3.05(3), and 6.13(9) MeV have been observed in 17C. Deduced cross sections are compared with microscopic DWBA calculations based on p-sd shell model wave functions and modern nucleon–nucleus optical potentials. Jπ assignments are made for the four observed states as well as the ground states of both nuclei.

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