Article

Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior: Development and validation of a measure of positive urgency. Psychological Assessment, 19(1), 107-118

University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Psychological Assessment (Impact Factor: 2.99). 04/2007; 19(1):107-18. DOI: 10.1037/1040-3590.19.1.107
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

In 3 studies, the authors developed and began to validate a measure of the propensity to act rashly in response to positive affective states (positive urgency). In Study 1, they developed a content-valid 14-item scale, showed that the measure was unidimensional, and showed that positive urgency was distinct from impulsivity-like constructs identified in 2 models of impulsive behavior. In Study 2, they showed that positive urgency explained variance in risky behavior not explained by measures of other impulsivity-like constructs, differentially explained positive mood-based risky behavior, differentiated individuals at risk for problem gambling from those not at risk, and interacted with drinking motives and expectancies as predicted to explain problem drinking behavior. In Study 3, they confirmed the hypothesis that positive urgency differentiated alcoholics from both eating-disordered and control individuals.

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    • "Trait impulsivity was assessed via the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale-Short Form (UPPS-P SF) (Whiteside and Lynam, 2001;Cyders et al., 2007). The UPPS-P SF is a 31-item scale that assesses impulsivity across four different dimensions (as discussed above): sensation seeking, lack of perseverance, lack of premeditation, and negative urgency. "
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    • "Similar two factor conceptualizations have been identified by others (Kraplin et al. 2014a; Grant and Chamberlain 2014; Dawe et al. 2004). However, another influential conceptualization of impulsivity resulted from a line of work by Whiteside and Lynam (2001) who described a four factor analytically-derived model that was subsequently extended to five factors (Cyders et al. 2007): negative urgency, positive urgency, sensation seeking, lack of premeditation, and lack of perseverance. The sensation-seeking and lack of premeditation factors are similar to the approach choice and inhibitory response core processes respectively, and Gullo et al. (2014) argued that negative and positive urgency were also both aspects of the inhibitory process. "
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    • "Concurrently to this theoretical debate, there have been many attempts to develop psychometrically robust instruments to assess impulsiveness. As a result, there are multiple self-report questionnaires available such as the Zuckerman-Kuhlman's ImpSS subscale (Zuckerman, Kuhlman, Joireman, Teta, & Kraft, 1993), the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale (Cyders et al., 2007), Temperament Inventory Character, TCI (Cloninger, 1994), or the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, BIS (Patton, Stanford, & Barratt, 1995). However, most of them have been validated with adults, and since they are worded to measure adult behaviors, specific versions for adolescents are needed (Fossati, Barratt, Acquarini, & Di Ceglie, 2002). "
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