Relationship between child sleep disturbances and maternal sleep, mood, and parenting stress: A pilot study
Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.Journal of Family Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.89). 04/2007; 21(1):67-73. DOI: 10.1037/0893-322.214.171.124
Although sleep disturbances in children are common, little is known about the relationship between children's sleep disruptions and maternal sleep and daytime functioning. Forty-seven mothers completed measures of sleep, depression, parenting stress, fatigue, and sleepiness. Significant differences in maternal mood and parenting stress were found between mothers of children with and without significant sleep disturbances. Regression analyses showed that the quality of the children's sleep significantly predicted the quality of maternal sleep. In addition, maternal sleep quality was a significant predictor of maternal mood, stress, and fatigue. Results from this pilot study support the need for future research examining the relationship between child sleep disturbances and maternal daytime functioning, and they highlight the importance of screening for and treating pediatric sleep disruptions.
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- "Gregory , Caspi, Moffitt, & Poulton, 2009; Sadeh, Gruber , & Raviv, 2003; Touchette et al., 2007). Troubled sleep in children is associated with poorer well-being in family members (Lam, Hiscock, & Wake, 2003; Meltzer & Mindell, 2007) so good sleep in childhood may also bolster family functioning. While many typically functioning children retain or develop certain sleep difficulties as they grow older (Finn Davis, Parker, & Montgomery, 2004; Gregory & O'Connor, 2002), the proportion of those considered to have a sleep problem is particularly high in children with another psychiatric disorder (e.g. "
ABSTRACT: Background: Hippocrates flagged the value of sleep for good health. Nonetheless, historically, researchers with an interest in developmental psychopathology have largely ignored a possible role for atypical sleep. Recently, however, there has been a surge of interest in this area, perhaps reflecting increased evidence that disturbed or insufficient sleep can result in poor functioning in numerous domains. Aims and scope: This review outlines what is known about sleep in the psychiatric diagnoses most relevant to children and for which associations with sleep are beginning to be understood. While based on a comprehensive survey of the literature, the focus of the current review is on the latest science (largely from 2010). There is a description of both concurrent and longitudinal links as well as possible mechanisms underlying associations. Preliminary treatment research is also considered which suggests that treating sleep difficulties may result in improvements in behavioural areas beyond sleep quality. Findings and conclusion: To maximise progress in this field, there now needs to be: (a) greater attention to the assessment of sleep in children; (b) sleep research on a wider range of psychiatric disorders; (c) a greater focus on and examination of mechanisms underlying associations; (d) a clearer consideration of developmental questions and (e) large-scale well-designed treatment studies. While sleep problems may sometimes be missed by parents and healthcare providers; hence constituting a hidden risk for other psychopathologies - knowing about these difficulties creates unique opportunities. The current excitement in this field from experts in diverse areas including developmental psychology, clinical psychology, genetics and neuropsychology should make these opportunities a reality.
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- "As any parent will readily attest, caring for young children can involve high levels of stress (Crnic, Gaze, & Hoffman, 2005), daily hassles (Crnic & Booth, 1991), and disrupted sleep (Meltzer & Mindell, 2007). These, in turn, have been known to predict depressed parental mood (Meltzer & Mindell, 2007), negative parent–child interactions (Crnic et al., 2005), and child behavioural problems (Gutermuth-Anthony et al., 2005). Perhaps for these very reasons, birth and fertility rates have continuously plummeted since the 1950s around the globe. "
ABSTRACT: Caring for children is a known psychosocial stressor; however, its effects on psychological functioning may have substantial cross-cultural variance. We explored relationships between family size and a variety of psychological outcomes among Orthodox Jews in four separate studies: (1) an international treatment-seeking sample (n = 82), (2) a community sample from Canada (n = 226), (3) an out-patient clinical sample from greater New York (n = 82), and (4) a large dyadic sample of Israeli couples (n = 789). Surprisingly, results suggested that family size was not associated with greater stress, anxiety, depression, global functioning, family functioning, family communication, family satisfaction, or even parenting stress. It is possible that the high religious value placed on family life as well as structural adaptions in families buffer against potential stressors associated with child rearing, and further research on these potential effects is warranted.
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- "Research has also linked sleep problems in children to environments characterized by parental psychopathology and high family stress   . For example, Warren and colleagues  found that anxious mothers were more overly involved in their children's bedtime routines compared to non-anxious mothers. "
ABSTRACT: Study objectives Using a multi-method design, this study examined the construct validity of the Parent-Child Sleep Interactions Scale (PSIS; Alfano et al., 2013), which measures sleep-related parenting behaviors and interactions that contribute to preschoolers’ sleep problems. Methods Participants included a community sample of 155 preschoolers (ages 3-5 years; 51.6% female). Primary caregivers completed the PSIS. Parenting styles and behaviors were assessed with laboratory observations and parent-report. Parent and child psychopathology and family life stress were assessed with clinical interviews and parent-report. Results Bivariate correlations revealed significant associations between the PSIS and a number of variables, including lower observed parental support and quality of instruction; higher observed parental intrusiveness; authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting styles; current maternal depressive and/or anxiety disorders and depressive symptomatology; increased stressful life events; lower marital satisfaction; higher child depressive, anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms. Patterns of association varied based on the specific PSIS scale. Conclusions The PSIS demonstrates meaningful associations with parenting, maternal psychopathology, family stress, and child psychopathology and functioning. Findings suggest that the PSIS is a valid measure for assessing sleep-related parent/child behaviors and interactions among preschoolers, suited to real world settings.
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