Spectrophotometric methods for the simultaneous analysis of meclezine hydrochloride and pyridoxine hydrochloride in bulk drug and pharmaceutical formulations.

Department of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan.
Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences (Impact Factor: 0.68). 05/2007; 20(2):149-56.
Source: PubMed


Three new spectrophotometric procedures for the simultaneous determination of pyridoxine hydrochloride and meclezine hydrochloride are described. The first method depends on the application of simultaneous equation to resolve the interference due to spectral overlapping. The analytical signals were measured at 231 and 220 nm. Calibration graphs were established for 1 to 20 microGmL(-1) for pyridoxine hydrochloride and 0.5 to 10 microGmL(-1) for meclezine hydrochloride in binary mixture. In the second method, the determination of pyridoxine hydrochloride and meclezine hydrochloride was performed by measuring the absorbances at 290 and 235 nm in the simple absorbance spectra of their mixture. In third method a yellowish orange complex of pyridoxine hydrochloride was formed with ferric chloride, which absorbs in the visible region with lambda(max) at 445 nm. Calibration curve of complex formation range was conducted in between 20 to 250 microGmL(-1). These methods were validated with respect to accuracy, precision, linearity, limit of detection and quantification. Regression analysis of Beer's plot showed good correlation in a general concentration range of 1 to 20 microGml(-1) with correlation coefficient (r = 0.9999 and 0.9999; CV < 0.858) for pyridoxine hydrochloride, whereas meclezine hydrochloride concentration range 0.5 to 10 microGmL(-1) with correlation coefficient (r = 0.9998 and 0.9998; CV < 0.826). These methods can be readily applied, without any interference from the excipients. The suggested procedures were successfully applied to the determination of these compounds in synthetic mixtures and in pharmaceutical preparations, with high percentage of recovery, good accuracy and precision.

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    • "The pharmacopeias describe potentiometric , spectrophotometrics and HPLC method for the determination of PYH and MEH individually from the bulk and tablet dosage form. No reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method is reported in pharmacopeias for the simultaneous estimation of PYH and MEH from their combined formulation, though there are various methods for the determination of PYH and MEH by spectrophotometric [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12], voltammetric [13], HPLC [14– 16], electrophoresis [17], GLC [18], HPTLC [19], and TLC [20] methods in different pharmaceutical dosages forms. "
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    ABSTRACT: A simple, specific, accurate, precise stability indicating reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of pyridoxine hydrochloride (PYH) and meclizine hydrochloride (MEH). An isocratic separation of PYH and MEH were achieved on C 18, 250 × 4.6 mm ID, 5 μm particle size columns at column oven temperature 37°C with a flow rate of 0.5 mL min−1 and using a diode array detector to monitor the detection at 254 nm. The mobile phase consisted of buffer : acetonitrile : trifluoroacetic acid at a ratio of 30 : 70 : 0.1 (v/v). The retention times of PYH and MEH was found to be 5.25 and 10.14 min, respectively. Suitability, specificity, linearity, accuracy, precision, stability, and sensitivity of this method for the quantitative determination of the drugs were proved by validation in accordance with the requirements laid down by International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) Q2 (R1) guidelines. The proposed method is reliable and robust and can be used as quality control tool for the estimation of these drugs in combined pharmaceutical solid dosage forms.
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    ABSTRACT: Three simple, rapid, and accurate methods, i.e., the derivative ratio spectra-zero-crossing method (method I), double divisor-ratio spectra derivative method (method II), and column reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method (method III) were developed for the simultaneous determination of doxylamine succinate (DOX), pyridoxine hydrochloride (PYR), and folic acid (FA) in their ternary mixtures and in tablets. In methods I and II, the calibration graphs were linear in the range of 2.5-80, 1.0-40, and 1.0-30 microg/mL for DOX, PYR, and FA, respectively. In the HPLC method, the separation of these compounds was performed using mobile phase consisting of 0.05 M phosphate buffer (pH 6.3)-methanol-acetonitrile (50 + 20 + 30, v/v/v), and UV detection was performed at 263 nm. Linearity was observed between the concentrations of the analytes and peak areas [correlation coefficient (r) > or =0.9998] in the concentration range of 1.0-200, 4.0-600, and 4.0-600 microg/mL for DOX, PYR, and FA, respectively. The standard deviation of retention time in method III was 0.011, 0.015, and 0.016 for DOX, PYR, and FA, respectively. The precision studies for all of the methods gave relative standard deviation values of <2%. The results obtained from the methods were statistically compared by means of Student's t-test and the variance ratio F-test. It was concluded that all of the developed methods were equally accurate, sensitive, and precise. These methods could be applied to determine DOX, PYR, and FA in their combined dosage forms.
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