Limiting sarcolemmal Na+ entry during resuscitation from ventricular fibrillation prevent excess mitochondrial Ca2+ accumulation and attenuates myocardial injury

Department of Medicine, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, Illinois, USA.
Journal of Applied Physiology (Impact Factor: 3.06). 07/2007; 103(1):55-65. DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01167.2006
Source: PubMed


intracellular Na+ accumulation during ischemia and reperfusion leads to cytosolic Ca2+ overload through reverse-mode operation of the sarcolemmal Na+ -Ca2+ exchanger. Cytosolic Ca2+ accumulation promotes mitochondrial Ca2+ (Ca2+ m) overload, leading to mitochondrial injury. We investigated whether limiting sarcolemmal Na+ entry during resuscitation from ventricular fibrillation (VF) attenuates Ca2+ m overload and lessens myocardial dysfunction in a rat model of VF and closed-chest resuscitation.
hearts were harvested from 10 groups of 6 rats each representing baseline, 15 min of untreated VF, 15 min of VF with chest compression given for the last 5 min (VF/CC), and 60 min postresuscitation (PR). VF/CC and PR included four groups each randomized to receive before starting chest compression the new NHE-1 inhibitor AVE4454B (1.0 mg/kg), the Na+ channel blocker lidocaine (5.0 mg/kg), their combination, or vehicle control. The left ventricle was processed for intracellular Na+ and Ca2+ m measurements.
limiting sarcolemmal Na+ entry attenuated cytosolic Na+ increase during VF/CC and the PR phase and prevented Ca2+ m overload yielding levels that corresponded to 77% and 71% of control hearts at VF/CC and PR, without differences among specific Na+ -limiting interventions. Limiting sarcolemmal Na+ entry attenuated reductions in left ventricular compliance during VF and prompted higher mean aortic pressure (110 +/- 7 vs. 95 +/- 11 mmHg, P < 0.001) and higher cardiac work index (159 +/- 34 vs. 126 +/- 29 g x m x min(-1) x kg(-1), P < 0.05) with lesser increases in circulating cardiac troponin I at 60 min PR.
Na+ -limiting interventions prevented excess Ca2+ m accumulation induced by ischemia and reperfusion and ameliorated myocardial injury and dysfunction.

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