Exploring the Complexities of Familism and Acculturation: Central Constructs for People of Mexican Origin

Department of Psychology, Pitzer College, 1050 N. Mills, Claremont, CA 91711, USA.
American Journal of Community Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.74). 04/2007; 39(1-2):61-77. DOI: 10.1007/s10464-007-9090-7
Source: PubMed


We examined the relationships between three dimensions of familism: importance of family, family support, and family conflict with acculturation, assessed orthogonally (Mexican and American cultural contributions assessed independently), and the relative contribution these factors make to psychological adjustment among 248 (124 women, 124 men) adults of Mexican origin. After controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, positive associations were found between importance of family and the biculturalism of Mexican and American cultural identity; family support and Mexican cultural identity; but no associations between family conflict and level of acculturation. Psychological well-being was positively associated with Mexican cultural identity and family support, whereas psychological distress was associated with greater family conflict and lower family support. The greater relative contribution of Mexican cultural identity to familism and well-being, and the importance of assessing acculturation orthogonally are discussed.

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    • "Thus, the focus on the dyadic parent–child relationship or the nuclear family fails to capture the diversity of interactions that shape child development . In fact, family support has been linked to better self-rated mental health among Latino adults (Aranda et al. 2001; Rivera et al. 2008; Rodriguez et al. 2007) and Mexican origin mothers of toddlers (Barnett et al. 2013). In the present study, the 53 % of the mothers who self-identified as Latino/Hispanic were mostly of Mexican origin due to the study location in Arizona. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Children and parents often rely on the support provided by non-parental adults such as extended family members. Expanding conceptualizations of social support beyond traditional nuclear family paradigms to include non-parental adults may be particularly relevant to identifying family strengths among economically disadvantaged and Latino families. Objective In the present study, we examine the extent to which child reports of parenting support provided by non-parental adults are linked to variations in mother-reported parenting efficacy and depressive symptoms, and whether these associations vary according to maternal marital status and Latino/Hispanic race/ethnicity. Methods The present study considers how child-reported social support specific to parenting is associated with maternal self-reported wellbeing among a community sample of 59 mothers and their 10–12 year-old children. Results Findings indicate that controlling for maternal perceptions of global social-emotional support, parenting support is inversely related to parenting efficacy among single mother and Latino/Hispanic families. Further, Latino/Hispanic children of mothers with higher levels of depressive symptoms report greater support from non-parental adults. Conclusions These results suggest that parenting support may in this cross-sectional study be a response to maternal need. Further, the function of support from non-parental adults may vary for single-mother versus two-parent families, and Latino/Hispanic families in comparison to European American families.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · Child and Youth Care Forum
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    • "For example, Juang and Cookston (2009) reported that family obligations were protective against depression among Chinese adolescents in immigrant families . Among Mexican adolescents in immigrant families, familism as indexed by family support was found to be positively related to psychological well-being (Rodriguez, Mira, Paez, & Myers, 2007). Utilizing more diverse samples of Hispanic adolescents, researchers also concluded that certain familistic values may be associated with fewer externalizing behaviors (Marsiglia, Parsai, & Kulis, 2009;Santiago & Wadsworth, 2011), as well as fewer internalizing behaviors and higher self-esteem (Smokowski, Chapman, & Bacallao, 2007;Smokowski et al., 2010). "
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    ABSTRACT: Research has shown an association between intergenerational conflict (IC) due to acculturation and negative mental health outcomes, including depressive symptoms, among Asian and Hispanic adolescents from immigrant families. Using the data from the first survey of the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study, which included a culturally diverse sample of second-generation immigrant children, this study examines whether attitudinal familism (AF) moderates the effect of IC on depressive symptoms among Asian and Hispanic adolescents. Latent variable interaction models involving multiple-group comparisons were established. Results show that there is a significant buffering effect (b = –.05, p < .001). Specifically, a high level of AF is generally associated with fewer depressive symptoms compared with a low level of AF. These findings may inform the development of social service programs that aim to reduce IC by exposing immigrant adolescents to more traditional cultural values. Future research implications are discussed.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Journal of Social Service Research
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    • "For example, given that the Mexican American cultural context is characterized as being more collectivistic (Triandis, 1989), availability of social support and relational victimization should be especially relevant when studying depression. Moreover, given that family relations are highly valued in Latino culture (Rodriguez et al., 2007) and given that Mexican-origin mothers are less likely to use mental health services (Aguilar-Gaxiola, Kramer, Resendez, & Magaña, 2008; Alegría & Woo, 2009), maternal depression may be especially detrimental for the children's well-being. Fourth, we examined the vulnerability effect in a sample of Mexican-origin adolescents. "
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the relation between low self-esteem and depression using longitudinal data from a sample of 674 Mexican-origin early adolescents who were assessed at age 10 and 12 years. Results supported the vulnerability model, which states that low self-esteem is a prospective risk factor for depression. Moreover, results suggested that the vulnerability effect of low self-esteem is driven, for the most part, by general evaluations of worth (i.e., global self-esteem), rather than by domain-specific evaluations of academic competence, physical appearance, and competence in peer relationships. The only domain-specific self-evaluation that showed a prospective effect on depression was honesty-trustworthiness. The vulnerability effect of low self-esteem held for male and female adolescents, for adolescents born in the United States versus Mexico, and across different levels of pubertal status. Finally, the vulnerability effect held when we controlled for several theoretically relevant 3rd variables (i.e., social support, maternal depression, stressful events, and relational victimization) and for interactive effects between self-esteem and the 3rd variables. The present study contributes to an emerging understanding of the link between self-esteem and depression and provides much needed data on the antecedents of depression in ethnic minority populations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · Developmental Psychology
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