Internet addiction among Chinese adolescents: Prevalence and psychological features

Department of Psychiatry, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, no. 139 Renmin Road, Changsha, Hunan Province 410011, China.
Child Care Health and Development (Impact Factor: 1.69). 05/2007; 33(3):275-81. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2006.00715.x
Source: PubMed


To investigate the prevalence of Internet addiction among Chinese adolescents and to explore the psychological features associated with Internet addiction.
A total of 2620 high school students from four high schools in Changsha City were surveyed using Diagnostic Questionnaire for Internet Addiction (YDQ), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (the edition for children, EPQ), Time Management Disposition Scale (TMDS) and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The mean age of whole sample was 15.19 years (ranging from 12 years to 18 years). According to the modified YDQ criteria by Beard, 64 students who were diagnosed as Internet addiction (the mean age: 14.59 years) and 64 who were diagnosed as being normal in Internet usage (the mean age: 14.81 years) were included in a case-control study.
The rate of Internet use among the surveyed adolescents was 88%, among which the incidence rate of Internet addiction was 2.4%. The Internet addiction group had significantly higher scores on the EPQ subscales of neuroticism, psychoticism, and lie than the control group (P < 0.05). The Internet addiction group scored lower than the control group on the TMDS subscales of sense of control over time, sense of value of time, and sense of time efficacy (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the Internet addiction group had also significantly higher scores on the SDQ subscales of emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity, total difficulties and lower scores on the subscale of prosocial behaviours (P < 0.05).
The present study suggests that Internet addiction is not rare among Chinese adolescents. In addition, adolescents with Internet addiction possess different psychological features when compared with those who use the Internet less frequently.

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    • "Bu açıklamaya göre, problemli internet kullanımı yaşam doyumunu olumsuz etkilemekte, buna karşılık yaşam doyumunun düşüklüğü de problemli internet kullanımına yol açmaktadır (Şenol-Durak ve Durak, 2011). Problemli internet kullanımına farklı yaş gruplarında rastlanmakla birlikte (Cao ve Su, 2007), en fazla risk altında bulunan grup ergenler olarak belirtilmiştir. Ergenlerin internet teknolojileri ile iç içe bulunmaları, olumlu sonuçların yanında patolojik internet kullanımı gibi istenmeyen durumların da oluşmasına yol açabilmektedir (Nalwa ve Anand, 2003). "

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    • "(aged 15-54) to 8% (aged 14-40). Research generally indicates that CIU is more prevalent among males than females in both Eastern (Bener & Bhugra, 2013; Cao & Su, 2007; Ha et al., 2007; Lam, Peng, Mai, & Jing, 2009b) and Western countries (Johansson & Götestam, 2004; Morrison & Gore, 2010; Siomos, Dafouli, Braimioties, Mouzas, & Angelopoulos, 2008; Villella et al., 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: Is compulsive Internet use (CIU) an antecedent to poor mental health, a consequence, or both? Study 1 used a longitudinal design to track the development of CIU and mental health in Grade 8 (N = 1030 males, 1038 females, Mage = 13.7), 9, 10, and 11. Study 2 extended Study 1 by examining the kinds of Internet behaviors most strongly associated with CIU within males and females. Structural equation modeling revealed that CIU predicted the development of poor mental health, whereas poor mental health did not predict CIU development. Latent growth analyses showed that both females and males increased in CIU and mental health problems across the high school years. Females had higher CIU and worse mental health than males, and tended to engage in more social forms of Internet use. We discuss future directions for CIU intervention research. (PsycINFO Database Record
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Developmental Psychology
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    • "The lack of agreement that exists as to the exact nature and manifestation of internet addiction forces us to pool together the available studies and bring forward a model that best represents the reality. The available studies, which point out that internet addiction is a psychological disorder (Cao and Su 2007), are largely peripheral and extraneous to the core issue of the development and dynamics of this behavioral disorder. Widyanto and Griffiths (2006) have classified the empirical research so far available into five areas of (1) comparative studies that distinguish between internet users and excessive users (2) investigation into vulnerable groups of internet abuse (3) studies of the psychometric properties of excessive internet use (4) case studies that focus on excessive users and the treatment methods (5) and finally correlational studies that examine the relationship between excessive internet use and other behaviors. "
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    ABSTRACT: Internet addiction, a recent clinical disorder is not well understood in its entirety as the researches so far conducted have not unraveled the nature and dynamics of this problem. The causative dynamics proposed in this model analyses the frequency of internet use based on the combined effects of addictive tendency, level of computer knowledge, the way the chance factor operates and the continuity of use of internet. The high frequency of use and subsequent addiction is contingent upon adequate computer knowledge, no chance factor, continuous use and high addictive tendency. Further analysis dwells upon the elaboration of the nature of addictive tendency which brings out the significance of the cognitive, motivational and personality processes in drawing individuals to internet in a pathological manner. Keywords: Internet addiction Addictive tendency Cognition Motivation Personality
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015
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