Esophageal achalasia is a type of motility disorder characterized by incomplete relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and absence of esophageal peristalsis. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a new treatment option for achalasia that is less invasive, more effective, and safe as compared to surgery. High-frequency electrotome is commonly used in POEM, but takes longer time to make the tunnel in the esophagus and causes many complications. The thulium laser decreases the risk of bleeding and perforation in endoscopy but has not been reported in digestive diseases, especially in POEM. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of the 1940 nm thulium laser in POEM. From March 2015 to August 2015, five patients with achalasia at the Digestive department, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China were included. Before the procedure, the patients’ gender, age, and duration of symptoms were recorded. Eckardt symptom score and LES thickness, which measured by endoscopic ultrasonography, were recorded. While the subtypes of achalasia (according to the Chicago classification), lower esophagus sphincter resting pressure (LESRP) and integrated relaxation pressure (IRP) were measured by HRM for all patients. Barium esophagram was also used to rule out anatomical lesions, esophageal varices, or neoplasia, which may cause similar symptoms. All examinations were performed one week before POEM. POEM was performed with the 1940 nm thulium laser under general anesthesia. Eckardt score, procedure duration, myotomy length, and complications were recorded one week after POEM. All the patients were followed-up at two weeks and four weeks after POEM. POEM was successfully performed in all five patients. The mean age of the patients was 38.8 years (24–54 years). Achalasia subtypes were type I (n = 1), II (n = 2), and III (n = 2). The operation duration was 186, 180, 111, 75, and 126 minutes for the five cases. Pre/postprocedure Eckardt scores were 3/0, 7/0, 5/1, 6/0, and 9/0. Pre/postprocedure LESRP (mmHg) were 45.3/26.4, 18.0/1.1, 25.8/10.4, 16.5/11.2, and 24.2/20.8. Pre/postprocedure IRP (mmHg) were 27.3/15.5, 15.4/4.2, 5.7/6.8, 15.5/10.1, and 13.1/14, respectively. No adverse events occurred during the procedure. After POEM, subcutaneous emphysema occurred in case 1 on the first day, which relieved spontaneously after two days without special intervention. Infection occurred in case 5 on the day of POEM was healed with antibiotics three days later. The 1940 nm thulium laser is feasible for POEM procedure. Further studies are needed to determine whether the 1940 nm thulium laser is better than high-frequency electrotome.