Social Influences on Cigarette Initiation Among College Students

University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, United States
American journal of health behavior (Impact Factor: 1.31). 07/2007; 31(4):353-62. DOI: 10.5555/ajhb.2007.31.4.353
Source: PubMed


To examine the relationship of demographic and social influence with initiation of cigarette use among undergraduates.
Students were mailed anonymous surveys including 437 participants who indicated that they had not smoked cigarettes before age 18. Of those, 107 became late initiators (24%), and 330 remained never smokers (76%).
Those who drank alcohol in college and had at least 1 parent with a college education were more likely to initiate smoking than were those who did not drink and neither parent had attended college.
Strategies that focus on reducing alcohol and tobacco use need to be tested.

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Available from: Melody Noland, Jul 25, 2014
    • "Downloaded by [ (unwritten rules providing an expectation of how individuals behave); modeling (use by family members/peers) and exposure to family and/or friends who smoke. 2,8,17,18,19,20 Although social influences may be conceptualized in many ways, for the purpose of this study, social norms and perception of peer tobacco use were chosen as measures of social influences. "
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    • "American students may be legally targeted by tobacco companies at college-related or age-appropriate events where cigarettes may be distributed for free (Rigotti, Moran, and Wechsler, 2005). American (Hayes and Plowfield, 2007; Staten et al., 2007) and Mexican (Rasmussen-Cruz et al., 2006) college students report adopting smoking as a result of new peer-related pressure or to gain social support (Waters et al., 2006). New college-related stress (academic or social) has been related to the new onset of smoking behaviors in American (Otsuki et al., 2008) and Chinese students (Lin, Lou, andLiu, 2004). "
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