Changes in the Expression of Hypothalamic Lipid Sensing Genes in Rat Model of Intrauterine Growth Retardation (IUGR)

Department of Public Health and Cell Biology, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy.
Pediatric Research (Impact Factor: 2.31). 05/2007; 61(4):433-7. DOI: 10.1203/pdr.0b013e3180332d4e
Source: PubMed


Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) has been linked to the development of type 2 diabetes in later life. The mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are unknown. Recent data suggest that some of the molecular defects underlying type 2 diabetes reside in the CNS. The enzyme carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT1) regulates long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) entry into mitochondria, where LCFA undergo beta-oxidation. Hypothalamic inhibition of CPT1 decreases food intake and suppresses endogenous glucose production. Our aim was to investigate the effects of uterine artery ligation, a procedure that mimics uteroplacental insufficiency, on the CNS expression of CPT1 and other key enzymes of LCFA metabolism. Bilateral uterine artery ligation was performed on d 19 of gestation in the pregnant rat; sham-operated pregnant rats served as controls. Hypothalamus, cerebellum, hippocampus, and cortex were dissected and analyzed at birth by real-time PCR. Nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) serum levels were significantly higher in IUGR pups (p<0.0001). In IUGR rats, the hypothalamic expression of CPT1 isoform C (p=0.005) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) isoforms alpha (p<0.05) and beta (p=0.005) were significantly decreased. The data presented here support the hypothesis that an abnormal intrauterine milieu can induce changes in hypothalamic lipid sensing.

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Available from: Daniela Germani, Apr 15, 2014
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    • "Therefore, the final effect of reduced expression of both ACS and ACCα would be the decrease of intramuscular LCFAs. This finding is consistent with our recent study in hypothalamus of IUGR rats, showing significant decreased ACCα and ACCβ expression at birth [10]. Taken together these findings suggest that intrauterine programming may affect key enzymes of lipid metabolism at multiple levels. "
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