One year pre-post intervention follow-up of psychological, immune, endocrine and blood pressure outcomes of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Brain Behav Immun

The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Brain Behavior and Immunity (Impact Factor: 5.89). 12/2007; 21(8):1038-49. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2007.04.002
Source: PubMed


This study investigated the ongoing effects of participation in a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program on quality of life (QL), symptoms of stress, mood and endocrine, immune and autonomic parameters in early stage breast and prostate cancer patients.
Forty-nine patients with breast cancer and 10 with prostate cancer enrolled in an eight-week MBSR program that incorporated relaxation, meditation, gentle yoga and daily home practice. Demographic and health behaviors, QL, mood, stress symptoms, salivary cortisol levels, immune cell counts, intracellular cytokine production, blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were assessed pre- and post-intervention, and at 6- and 12-month follow-up.
Fifty-nine, 51, 47 and 41 patients were assessed pre- and post-intervention and at 6- and 12-month follow-up, respectively, although not all participants provided data on all outcomes at each time point. Linear mixed modeling showed significant improvements in overall symptoms of stress which were maintained over the follow-up period. Cortisol levels decreased systematically over the course of the follow-up. Immune patterns over the year supported a continued reduction in Th1 (pro-inflammatory) cytokines. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) decreased from pre- to post-intervention and HR was positively associated with self-reported symptoms of stress.
MBSR program participation was associated with enhanced quality of life and decreased stress symptoms, altered cortisol and immune patterns consistent with less stress and mood disturbance, and decreased blood pressure. These pilot data represent a preliminary investigation of the longer-term relationships between MBSR program participation and a range of potentially important biomarkers.

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Available from: Linda Carlson
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    • "Additionally, MBSR has been shown to have positive results in populations suffering from stress, eating disorders, depression, obesity, and attention control [19,20]. Studies utilizing traditional MBSR methods have shown significant reduction in systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, compared to the control group [1,2122232425. Despite the number of mindfulness applications available and the amount of information supporting the use of traditional MBSR methods, less is known concerning the benefits of smartphone delivered MBSR interventions. "

    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015
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    • "In that study MBSR participants also exhibited increased brain electrical activity indicative of positive mood and the magnitude of change in brain activity predicted the magnitude of change in immune response (Davidson, et al., 2003). Evidence from uncontrolled studies of cancer patients, who were evaluated well-beyond diagnosis, also suggests that MBSR may effect the immune system (Carlson et al., 2003, 2007). Given that few studies have evaluated the immune effects of MBSR in cancer patients, and to our knowledge no studies have evaluated the effects of MBSR for recently diagnosed breast cancer patients, we conducted this study. "

    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Brain Behavior and Immunity
    • "Further, randomized trials have shown positive effects on fatigue[24]and sleep[25], although sleep quality might be more rapidly targeted by cognitive therapy[25]. Beyond changes in subjective parameters, mindfulnessbased interventions have further shown to positively affect immune parameters and proinflammtory cytokines in cancer patients[26,27]. Recent research also hints on influences on telomere lengths and telomerase activity[28,29]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a mindfulness-based day care clinic group program for cancer survivors on health-related quality of life and mental health; and to investigate which psychological variables are associated with changes in health variables. Methods: One hundred seventeen cancer survivors (91.0 % female; mean age 53.9 ± 10.7 years; 65.0 % breast cancer; mean time since diagnosis 27.2 ± 46.5 months) participated in an 11-week mindfulness-based day care clinic group program, 6 h per week. The intervention incorporated mindfulness-based meditation, yoga, cognitive-behavioral techniques, and lifestyle modification. Outcome measures including health-related quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30), depression and anxiety (HADS); and psychological variables including life satisfaction (BMLSS), mindfulness (FMI), adaptive coping styles (AKU), spiritual/religious attitudes in dealing with illness (SpREUK), and interpretation of illness (IIQ) were assessed before, after, and 3 months after the intervention. Results: Using mixed linear models, significant improvements in global health status, physical functioning, role functioning, emotional functioning, cognitive functioning, and social functioning were found. Cancer-related symptoms, including fatigue, pain, insomnia, constipation, anxiety, and depression, also improved significantly. Mindfulness, life satisfaction, health satisfaction, all coping styles, all spiritual/religious attitudes, and interpretation of illness as something of value increased; interpretation of illness as punishment decreased significantly (all p < 0.05). Improved outcomes were associated with increases in psychological variables, mainly life satisfaction, health satisfaction, and trust in medical help (R (2) = 7.3-43.6 %). Conclusion: Supportive mindfulness-based interventions can be considered as an effective means to improve cancer survivors' physical and mental health. Functional improvements are associated with improved satisfaction and coping styles.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Supportive Care in Cancer
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