Cutting Edge: Essential Role of Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1 in Development of Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Sepsis

Division of Biological Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California-San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 4.92). 07/2007; 178(12):7516-9. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.178.12.7516
Source: PubMed


Sepsis, the leading cause of death in intensive care units, reflects a detrimental host response to infection in which bacteria or LPS act as potent activators of immune cells, including monocytes and macrophages. In this report, we show that LPS raises the level of the transcriptional regulator hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) in macrophages, increasing HIF-1alpha and decreasing prolyl hydroxylase mRNA production in a TLR4-dependent fashion. Using murine conditional gene targeting of HIF-1alpha in the myeloid lineage, we demonstrate that HIF-1alpha is a critical determinant of the sepsis phenotype. HIF-1alpha promotes the production of inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-alpha, IL-1, IL-4, IL-6, and IL-12, that reach harmful levels in the host during early sepsis. HIF-1alpha deletion in macrophages is protective against LPS-induced mortality and blocks the development of clinical markers including hypotension and hypothermia. Inhibition of HIF-1alpha activity may thus represent a novel therapeutic target for LPS-induced sepsis.

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Available from: Randall S Johnson, Mar 31, 2014