Article

Aroma Therapy for Dementia

No. 2 Cottage, Cotbank of Barras, Stonehaven, UK, AB39 2UH.
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) (Impact Factor: 6.03). 02/2003; 3(3):CD003150. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003150
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Aroma therapy is the use of pure essential oils from fragrant plants (such as Peppermint, Sweet Marjoram, and Rose) to help relieve health problems and improve the quality of life in general. The healing properties of aroma therapy are claimed to include promotion of relaxation and sleep, relief of pain, and reduction of depressive symptoms. Hence, aroma therapy has been used to reduce disturbed behaviour, to promote sleep and to stimulate motivational behaviour of people with dementia. Of the four randomized controlled trials found only one had useable data. The analysis of this one small trial showed a significant effect in favour of aroma therapy on measures of agitation and neuropsychiatric symptoms. More large-scale randomized controlled trials are needed before firm conclusions can be reached about the effectiveness of aroma therapy.

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    • "At least 1 dependent variable from one of the following categories: health-related physical fitness (cardiovascular, strength, flexibility, body mass index), functional, cognitive, and behavioral Journal article, master's thesis, or doctoral dissertation published in English and indexed between Jan. 1970 and Oct. 2003 Holt et al., 2003 [35] Aromatherapy for persons with dementia "
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    • "Differences in lavender formulation, delivery methods, participant numbers, selection criteria, outcome measures and time frames make it almost impossible to compare reports [18]. It is not clear, therefore, why lavender has proved effective in two earlier studies but not in four others. "
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