Entamoeba histolytica: Ouabain-insensitive Na+-ATPase activity
Our aim was to determine the presence of sodium pumps in Entamoeba histolytica. It is shown through the measurement of ouabain-sensitive ATPase activity and immunoblotting that E. histolytica does not express (Na(+)+K(+))ATPase. On the other hand, we observed a Na(+)-ATPase with the following characteristics: (1) stimulated by Na(+) or K(+), but these effects are not addictive; (2) the apparent affinity is similar for Na(+) and K(+) (K(0.5) = 13.3 +/- 3.7 and 15.4 +/- 3.1mM, respectively), as well as the V(max) (24.9 +/- 1.5 or 27.5 +/- 1.6 nmol Pi mg(-1)min(-1), respectively); (3) insensitive up to 2mM ouabain; and (4) inhibited by furosemide with an IC(50) of 0.12 +/- 0.004 mM. Furthermore, this enzyme forms a Na(+)- or K(+)-stimulated, furosemide- and hydroxylamine-sensitive ATP-driven acylphosphate phosphorylated intermediate.
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