Challenges in Perfluorocarboxylic Acid Measurements

DuPont's Corporate Center for Analytical Sciences, Wilmington, DE 19880, USA.
Analytical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 5.64). 07/2007; 79(11):3966-73. DOI: 10.1021/ac071918c
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: A modified gas saturation method was used to determine the solid vapor pressure of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) at ambient temperatures. Measurements were made over the temperature range from (25 to 45) °C. Pressures ranged from (5.2 to 40.7) Pa. The enthalpy of sublimation was calculated as 88.9 kJ·mol−1.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data
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    ABSTRACT: Per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) are a group of industrial chemicals, some of which have been produced for over 50 years. Scarcely one decade ago, their ubiquity in wildlife, humans and the global environment was discovered. This urged the need for robust and reliable, yet very sensitive analytical methods allowing for their determination in various matrices. This article reviews the state-of-the-art in trace analysis of ionic and neutral PFAS in humans as well as environmental samples such as wildlife, water, solid matrices and air. Analytical protocols for PFAS determination in food and consumer products are also included. The methods are critically discussed in terms of their advantages, shortcomings, possibilities, limitations, and potential for further development.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Journal of Chromatography A
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    ABSTRACT: A sensitive and reliable method based on column switching liquid chromatography (LC) coupled to a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer (MS) has been developed for quantification of 19 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in serum. A volume of only 150microl serum is used and protein precipitation by methanol is the only sample preparation necessary prior to injection into the column switching system. Pseudo-MRM is used as a detection mode for determination of PFCs, resulting in reduced background noise and considerably increased sensitivity for the perfluorinated alkyl sulfonates and the perfluorinated alkyl sulfonamides. The estimated limits of detection for the method were as low as 0.0020-0.050ngPFCs/ml serum. The accuracy determined from spiking experiments, reported as recovery of added amount, was between 85 and 121% in the range 0.20-50ngPFC/ml serum, except for perfluorodecylsulfonate for which the accuracy was 146% at 0.20ngPFC/ml serum. The low sample volume needed, the limited manual handling and the broad range of analytes which are included, make this method advantageous for large-scale epidemiological studies. This column-switching technique can easily be set up on standard LC-MS/MS instruments and is thus available to a wide range of laboratories.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · Journal of Chromatography A
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