Solid phase extraction of chromium(VI) from aqueous solutions by adsorption of its diphenylcarbazide complex on a mixed bed adsorbent (acid activated montmorillonite-silica gel) column

Chemistry Group, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani 333031, India.
Spectrochimica Acta Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy (Impact Factor: 2.35). 03/2008; 69(2):612-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2007.05.011
Source: PubMed


A novel approach has been developed for the solid phase extraction of chromium(VI) based on the adsorption of its diphenylcarbazide complex on a mixture of acid activated montmorillonite (AAM)-silica gel column. The effect of various parameters such as acidity, stability of the column, sample volume, interfering ions, etc., were studied in detail. The adsorbed complex could be easily eluted using polyethylene glycol-sulfuric acid mixture and the concentration of chromium has been determined using visible spectrophotometry. The calibration graph was linear in the range 0-1microgmL(-1) chromium(VI) with a detection limit of 6microgL(-1). A highest preconcentration factor of 25 could be obtained for 250mL sample volume using glass wool as support for the mixed bed adsorbent. Chromium(VI) could be effectively separated from other ions such as nickel, copper, zinc, chloride, sulfate, nitrate, etc., and the method has been successfully applied to study the recovery of chromium in electroplating waste water and spiked water samples.

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    ABSTRACT: A coprecipitation method has been established for speciation of chromium(III) and chromium(VI) in real samples. The procedure is based on the coprecipitation of Cr(III), by using a new organic coprecipitant, 3-phenyl-4-o-hydroxybenzyl-idenamino-4,5-dihydro-1,2,4-triazole-5-one, without adding any carrier element. After reduction of Cr(VI) by concentrated H2SO4 and ethanol, the method was applied to the determination of total Cr. The level of Cr(VI) was calculated by the difference of total Cr and Cr(III) levels. For optimum recovery of Cr(III), different analytical factors such as pH, amount of coprecipitant, centrifugation rate and time, and effect of sample volume, were investigated. The influences of some anions, cations, and transition metals on the recoveries were also investigated, and no significant interferences were observed. The preconcentration factor was 100. The detection limit based on 3 times standard deviation (sigma) of the blank (n = 10) for Cr(III) was 0.50 microg/L. In order to evaluate the accuracy of the method, certified reference materials (CRM-TMDW-500 Drinking Water and National Institute of Standards and Technology Standard Reference Material 1573a Tomato Leaves) were analyzed, and the results obtained were in good agreement with certified values. The presented procedure was applied for Cr speciation in various solid and liquid samples with successful results.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2008 · Journal of AOAC International
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    ABSTRACT: A solid phase extraction procedure has been established for chromium speciation in natural water samples prior to determination by atomic absorption spectrometry. The procedure is based on the solid phase extraction of the Cr(VI)- Dowex M 4195 chelating resin. After oxidation of Cr(III) to Cr(VI) by using H2O2, the presented method was applied to the determination of the total chromium. The level of Cr(III) is calculated by difference of total chromium and Cr(VI) levels. The procedure was optimized for some analytical parameters including pH, eluent type, flow rates of sample and eluent, matrix effects, etc. The presented method was applied for the speciation of chromium in natural water samples with satisfactory results (recoveries >95%, RSDs <10%). In the determinations of chromium species, flame atomic absorption spectrometer was used. The results were checked by using NIST SRM 2711 Montana soil and GBW 07603 Bush branched and leaves.
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    ABSTRACT: A solid phase extraction (SPE) preconcentration system, coupled to a flame atomic absorption spectrometer (FAAS), was developed for the determination of copper(II), cadmium(II), lead(II), manganese(II), iron(III), nickel(II) and cobalt(II) ions at the microg L(-1) levels on Penicillium italicum-loaded on Sepabeads SP 70. The analytes were adsorbed on biosorbent at the pH range of 8.5-9.5. The adsorbed metals were eluted with 1 mol L(-1) HCl. The influences of the various analytical parameters including pH of the aqueous solutions, sample volume, flow rates were investigated for the retentions of the analyte ions. The recovery values are ranged from 95-102%. The influences of alkaline, earth alkaline and some transition metal ions were also discussed. Under the optimized conditions, the detection limits (3s, n=21) for analytes were in the range of 0.41microg L(-1) (cadmium) and 1.60microg L(-1) (iron). The standard reference materials (IAEA 336 Lichen, NIST SRM 1573a Tomato leaves) were analyzed to verify the proposed method. The method was successfully applied for the determinations of analytes in natural water, cultivated mushroom, lichen (Bryum capilare Hedw), moss (Homalothecium sericeum) and refined table salt samples.
    No preview · Article · May 2008 · Journal of Hazardous Materials
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