Article

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Anger, and Partner Abuse Among Vietnam Combat Veterans

Department of Psychiatry, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Journal of Family Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.89). 07/2007; 21(2):270-7. DOI: 10.1037/0893-3200.21.2.270
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The authors examined interrelationships among posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology, anger, and partner abuse perpetration among a sample of 60 combat veterans. Compared with PTSD-negative participants, PTSD-positive participants reported higher state anger across time and neutral and trauma prime conditions and higher anger reactivity during the trauma prime condition. PTSD-positive participants also exhibited more anger reactivity during the trauma prime than during the neutral condition. The same pattern of results was not found for anxiety reactivity during trauma memory activation. PTSD symptoms were associated with physical assault and psychological aggression perpetration, and trait anger mediated these relationships. Findings indicate a heightened anger response among PTSD-positive veterans and suggest the salience of dispositional components of anger in abuse perpetration in this population.

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Available from: Amy D Marshall, Nov 28, 2015
    • "To date, we are aware of only one study that has examined trauma cue exposure in the relationship between PTSD and IPA perpetration (Taft et al. 2007b), and one study that has examined trauma cues in the relationship between PTSD and general aggression perpetration (Taft et al. 2007a). Taft et al. (2007b) found that veterans with PTSD exhibited a greater increase in state anger than did veterans without PTSD after being presented with a trauma cue, although trauma-cued anger was not associated with IPA perpetration. In contrast, Taft et al. (2007a) found that PTSD re-experiencing symptoms exerted indirect effects on aggression perpetration through their association with physiological reactivity following a trauma cue. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined whether laboratory exposure to traumatic reminders potentiated the relationship between veterans’ posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and intimate partner aggression (IPA) articulations elicited during an anger-induction task. The sample included 82 male Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom veterans. The Articulated Thoughts in Simulated Situations (ATSS) procedure was used to assess physical IPA articulations (i.e., expressions of physically aggressive intentions toward the partner) and verbal IPA articulations (i.e., statements intended to insult or demean the partner) made during “relationship anger” provoking scenarios. Participants were administered versions of the ATSS both with and without trauma cue presentation. Results indicated that trauma cue exposure potentiated the relationship between veterans’ PTSD symptoms and physical IPA articulations, but did not strengthen the significant relationship between PTSD symptoms and verbal IPA articulations. Findings contribute to the literature on veterans’ PTSD symptoms and IPA perpetration by highlighting the influence of traumatic reminders. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA)
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Family Violence
    • "The authors posited that hyperarousal symptoms may contribute to impaired attention and lack of emotional control, which may lead to impulsive and aggressive behaviors. In a convenience sample of 60 male Vietnam veterans, Taft et al. (2007b) also found that veterans with PTSD reported higher levels of anger and reactivity, which may contribute to the relationship between PTSD and IPV. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the relationship between lifetime DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration in a representative sample of self-identified heterosexual adult men in the U.S. Analysis was conducted using data from two waves of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) among 11,625 heterosexual men to test the hypothesis that heterosexual men in the general population with lifetime PTSD were more likely to perpetrate IPV than their non-PTSD counterparts. In adjusted models, heterosexual men who reported lifetime PTSD showed significantly higher risk of IPV perpetration (OR = 2.36, 95% CI = 1.56-3.57, p < 0.001), compared to men without PTSD. Results call for increased attention to assessment and treatment of mental health problems and trauma among male perpetrators of IPV, as a means to prevent the reoccurrence of violence.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of Family Violence
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    • " instead become more fearless , exhibiting more reckless and high - risk behavior that can carry serious consequence . For example , reckless behavior has been reported at a much higher frequency among Israeli adolescents who are repeatedly exposed to life - threatening circumstances ( Pat - Horenczyk et al . , 2007 ) , and among combat veterans ( Taft et al . , 2007a , 2007b ) as compared with this study . The findings also suggest that this symptom needs to be studied over a longer time course as the interactions of reactivity to reminders and high levels of arousal may increase its frequency over time and may depend on the use of multiple informants rather than self - report , especially among ado"
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Diagnostic criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) have been revised for DSM-5. Two key changes include alteration of the clustering of PTSD symptoms and new PTSD symptom criteria related to negative alterations in cognition and mood. In this study, we empirically investigated these changes. Methods: We interviewed 32.5 adolescents and young adults who survived the 2011 youth camp shooting at Utoya Island, Norway, The UCLA PTSD Reaction Index for DSM-IV was used to assess symptoms of PTSD. In addition, 11 questions were added to assess the four new symptom criteria withiin the new DSM-5 symptom categories. Results: PTSD prevalence did nor differ significantly whether DSM-IV (11.1%) or DSM-5 (11.7%) criteria were used and he Cohen's Kappa for consistency between the diagnoses was 0.061. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the four-factor structure of the DSM-5 fir the data adequately according to the conceptual model outlined. Limitations: The homogeneity of this sample of highly exposed subjects may preclude generalization to less severely exposed groups. Also, we did not assess criterion G in regard to symptoms causing clinically significant distress and functional impairment. Conclusion: The prevalence of PTSD was quite similar regardless of diagnostic system. The relatively low concordance between the diagnoses has implications for eligibility for a diagnosis of PTSD.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · Journal of Affective Disorders
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