Postdivorce Living Arrangements, Parent Conflict, and Long-Term Physical Health Correlates for Children of Divorce

Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona, United States
Journal of Family Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.89). 07/2007; 21(2):195-205. DOI: 10.1037/0893-3200.21.2.195
Source: PubMed


The authors tested a biopsychosocial model in which young adults' long-term relationships with fathers and ongoing distress surrounding their parents' divorces mediated the relationship between disrupted parenting (i.e., exposure to parent conflict before the divorce and up to 5 years after, and amount of time with father postdivorce) and indicators of their physical health. University students whose parents divorced before they were 16 (n = 266) participated. Findings supported the model. The more time children lived with their fathers after divorce, the better their current relationships were with their fathers, independent of parent conflict. The more parent conflict they experienced, the worse their relationships were with their fathers and the more distress they currently felt about their parents' divorce, independent of time with father. Poor father-child relationships and more distress in turn predicted poorer health status. There was no interaction between exposure to parent conflict and time with father; thus, more time with father was beneficial in both high- and low-conflict families, and more exposure to parent conflict was detrimental at both high and low levels of time with father.

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Available from: William V Fabricius, Mar 03, 2015
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    • "scholars have turned to understanding factors that can mitigate stress and its negative impact. For example, contact with a non-resident parent, effective parenting and co-operation between biological parents seem to reduce stress in children of divorce (Pruett et al. 2003; Fabricius & Luecken 2007). Although substantial research exists on stress related to family break-up, little research has addressed the sources of and buffers to stress in stepfamilies. "
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    • "alysen (z. B. Amato u. Gilbreth, 1999) bestätigen, dass sich eine gute Beziehung der Kinder zum getrennt lebenden Vater als förderlich für die kindliche Entwicklung erweist (Amato, 2000; Kelly, 2003; Moxnes, 2003). Viele Studien zeigen, dass eine gute Beziehung durch häufigen Kontakt zwischen Vater und Kind begünstigt wird (Adritti u. Keith, 1993; Fabricius u. Luecken, 2007; Sobolewski u. King, 2005; Whiteside u. Becker, 2000). Aus diesem Grund erscheint es von Interesse, die potenziellen Determinanten des Kontaktausmaßes nach der Trennung zu ergründen."
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    • "In our study, as reported in previous research, the risk of mental health problems in children in joint physical custody was lower than for children in single care. Positive relationships with their parents are important for children's wellbeing and mental health (L aftman & € Ostberg, 2006) and, according to previous research, children in joint physical custody report more satisfaction with their parental relationships, in particular with their fathers, than children in single care (Fabricius & Luecken, 2007; Spruijt & Duindam, 2010). In fact, Swedish data show that children in joint physical custody are as satisfied as children in nuclear families with their parental relationships (Swedish Government Official Report, 2011). "
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