Distal Urethral Reconstruction of the Glans for Penile Carcinoma: Results of a Novel Technique at 1-Year of Followup

ArticleinThe Journal of Urology 178(3 Pt 1):941-4 · October 2007with21 Reads
DOI: 10.1016/j.juro.2007.05.059 · Source: PubMed
Abstract
No satisfactory techniques are available to replace the anatomy and function of the penile glans after radical surgery for penile carcinoma. We report a new technique of glans reconstruction using distal urethra. We evaluated anatomical, physiological and esthetic features as well as short-term and long-term clinical outcomes. A total of 14 patients with a mean age of 54 who had squamous penile carcinoma underwent glans reconstruction after simple glansectomy in 8 and after amputation of the distal third of the shaft in 6. Glans sensibility, erectile function, ejaculation, orgasm, penile length, local recurrence, patient and partner satisfaction, and quality of life were evaluated before and after the operation. Mean followup was 13 months. All patients noticed subjective and objective thermal and tactile epicritic sensibility in the area of the neoglans. Ten of 14 patients (71%) noticed spontaneous and/or induced rigid erections. Interestingly International Index of Erectile Function scores in the ejaculation and orgasm domains did not significantly change in the period before and after surgery. No local disease recurrence or penile retraction were reported at long-term followup. Reconstructive glanuloplasty with distal urethra in penile tumor surgery is an innovative, easy and rapid surgical technique with appreciable functional and esthetic results.
    • "Furthermore, penile length and appearance are definitively compromised. With the original technique of urethral glanduloplasty, satisfactory functional and sexual outcomes such as the restoration of erection, sensibility in the area of the neoglans and ejaculation have been reported.[17] (Please check this retains your original meaning) "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Radical surgery is the "gold standard" for treatment of invasive penile carcinoma but very poor aesthetic, functional and psychological outcomes have been reported. Our purpose was to assess the impact of organ potency-sparing surgery in locally confined carcinoma of the penis. We evaluated retrospectively 42 patients with early penile cancer (Ta,T1,T2), treated with glandulectomy and glanduloplasty with urethral mucosa and sparing of cavernosal apexes, or glandulectomy and limited apical resection in cases of Stage T2. Sexual function, ejaculation and libido were evaluated with an IIEF-15 questionnaire before the appearance of neoplasia (about three months before the surgery) and six months after surgery. Quality of life was evaluated by the Bigelow-Young questionnaire. The scores relating to two weeks prior to the surgery have been compared to those obtained six months after surgery. The statistical analysis was conducted using t-Student for repeated measures and analysis of variance. Six months after surgery 73% of patients reported spontaneous rigid erections, 60% coital activity while 76% of the group treated with urethral glanduloplasty reported normal ejaculation and orgasm, regained an average of 35 days after surgery. The average IIEF-15 scores reported in the entire series in the domains of erection, libido and coital activity of the pre-cancer period were not statistically different than those recorded six months after surgery. In the group treated with glandular reconstruction, pre-and postoperative IIEF-15 mean scores related to ejaculation and orgasm domains were not significantly different. Mean scores of Bigelow-Young questionnaires related to sexual pleasure, familial, social and professional relationships showed significant improvement after surgery. Potency sparing-sparing surgical treatments have a positive impact on a wide spectrum of the patient's life including family relationships, and social and working conditions.
    Article · Apr 2013
    • "pain), which disappeared after treatment and somehow improved the general quality of life (D' Ancona et al., 1997). In addition, Gulino et al. (2007) reported that specific scores for feelings of unpleasantness was reduced from 30 pre-operatively to 16 following treatment. The patients we analyzed represent a convenience group, gathered in a limited period of time, with an important heterogeneity that could affect our final results. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Penile cancer, which is a considerable challenge for countries in the developing world, is a mutilated affection for the patient, considering both the local modifications that are determined by it, as well as from the treatment point of view. In this way, for the more advanced disease phase, aggressive therapy with partial or total penectomy is still the conventional and necessary treatment. There are very few studies about the extent and nature of the psychological effects of penile cancer. Thus, considering that psychological/psychiatric dysfunctions in patients with penectomy are likely to be common and taking into account the current contradictions that exist regarding this area of research, we decided to evaluate the impact of penile cancer and/or partial or total penectomy on levels of anxiety and depression, as studied through some specific scales such as the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A). We found increased anxiety and depression, especially in the case of the group with total penectomy, but also in the biopsy group, which comprised patients that had lesions in the terminal stage, such as an inextirpable tumor. The most reduced levels of depression and anxiety were observed in the postectomy group. Our findings presented here and further knowledge about the psychological, social and sexual aspects of these specific patients will help health professionals and organizations to identify treatment options and/or make recommendations for rehabilitation and support services. Additionally, there is a continuous need to identify and assess proper scales to measure the psychological/psychiatric trauma in this group of patients, as well as focusing on the identification of the exact patients that require professional psychological intervention.
    Article · Jan 2013
    • "It should be noted that patients in this study underwent less mutilating treatment in the form of laser therapy. The Gulino study observed scores between before disease (retrospective) and post treatment and showed no significant difference [10]. D'Ancona's group used the Overall Sexual Functioning Questionnaire (OSFQ) and showed that almost 36% of patients had no sexual function or moderately to severely reduced sexual function [6]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Penile cancer is an uncommon malignancy with an incidence of 1 per 100,000. Conservative and radical treatments can be disfiguring and may have an impact on sexual function, quality of life (QOL), social interactions, self-image and self-esteem. Knowledge of how this disease affects patients is paramount to developing a global, multi-disciplinary approach to treatment. A Medline/PubMed literature search was conducted using the terms "sexual function penis cancer"; "quality of life penis cancer" and "psychological effects penis cancer" from 1985 to 2008. Articles containing quantitative data on QOL, sexual function or psychological well-being were included. 128 patients from 6 studies were included. 5 studies contained retrospective data whilst 1 study collected prospective data on erectile function. In the 6 studies 13 different quantitative tools were used to assess psychological well-being, QOL and sexual function. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) showed impaired well-being in up to 40% in 2 studies. Patients undergoing more mutilating treatments were more likely to have impaired well-being. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score (HADS) demonstrated pathological anxiety up to 31% in 2 studies. 1 study used the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of psychiatric illness (DSM III-R) with 53% exhibiting mental illness, 25% avoidance behaviour and 40% impaired well-being. 12/30 suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder. The IIEF-15 was the commonest tool used to assess sexual function. The results varied from 36% in 1 study with no sexual function to 67% in another reporting reduced sexual satisfaction to 78% in another reporting high confidence with erections. The treatment of penile cancer results in negative effects on well-being in up to 40% with psychiatric symptoms in approximately 50%. Up to two-thirds of patients report a reduction in sexual function. This study demonstrates that penile cancer sufferers can exhibit significant psychological dysfunction, yet no standardised tools or interventional pathways are available. Therefore, there is a need to identify and assess adequate tools to measure psychological and sexual dysfunction in this group of patients.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2009
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