[Establishment of mechanical middle ear model and the study of the acoustic characteristics of different ossicular prostheses].


    To design a tool for evaluating the sound transmission function of ossicular prosthesis and explore the impacts of ossicular prosthesis bead area and the effects of the mass of ossicular prosthesis on the sound transmission function in mechanical middle ear model.
    Two latex membranes were used to represent the tympanic membrane and oval window membrane. The ossicular prosthesis was fitted between the artificial tympanic membrane and oval window membrane during the test. Pure tune signals were used to stimulate the vibration of tympanic membrane. The vibration of oval window membrane was recorded by a laser Doppler vibrometer. The ossicular transmission function was evaluated by comparing the vibration velocities of oval window membrane. Two groups of titanium ossicular prosthesis with different head area and mass respectively were fitted into a mechanical middle ear model to evaluate their sound transmission functions.
    The feeling threshold curve of mechanical middle ear model (MMEM) was similar to the hearing threshold curve of normal person. The transmission function of the prosthesis with small head area was better than that of prostheses with large head area at frequencies 1500-4000 Hz. The small-massed prostheses functioned better at higher frequencies and the large-massed prostheses functioned better at lower frequencies. But small-massed prostheses functioned better as a whole.
    The MMEM was an idea tool to evaluate the transmission functions of different ossicular prostheses. Both the head area and prosthesis mass had an influence on the transmission function of ossicular prosthesis. So while designing the ossicular prosthesis or performing ossiculoplasty, both the head area and prosthesis mass should he taken into consideration.