Spirituality and the Science of Feeling Good

Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Campus Box 8134, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.
Southern Medical Journal (Impact Factor: 0.93). 08/2007; 100(7):740-3. DOI: 10.1097/SMJ.0b013e318070d177
Source: PubMed
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Available from: Robert Cloninger, Jun 11, 2014
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    • "As a point of contact with the MTC1 mothers, also the daughters of FTC1 fathers develop a higher selfforgetfulness . It could be then speculated that high self-forgetfulness could be a way to cope with difficult family (Fassino et al., 2004; Cloninger, 2007; Amianto et al., 2011); however, only longitudinal studies could confirm this hypothesis. Fathers' explosive-borderline features relate to higher eating and general psychopathology in their daughters and, to a lesser extent, to a suboptimal development of their character. "
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    ABSTRACT: The present study explores how parents' personality clusters relate to their eating disordered daughters' personality and psychopathology. Mothers and fathers were tested with the Temperament Character Inventory. Their daughters were assessed with the following: Temperament and Character Inventory, Eating Disorder Inventory-2, Symptom Checklist-90, Parental Bonding Instrument, Attachment Style Questionnaire, and Family Assessment Device. Daughters' personality traits and psychopathology scores were compared between clusters. Daughters' features were related to those of their parents. Explosive/adventurous mothers were found to relate to their daughters' borderline personality profile and more severe interoceptive awareness. Mothers' immaturity was correlated to their daughters' higher character immaturity, inadequacy, and depressive feelings. Fathers who were explosive/methodic correlated with their daughters' character immaturity, severe eating, and general psychopathology. Fathers' character immaturity only marginally related to their daughters' specific features. Both parents' temperament clusters and mothers' character clusters related to patients' personality and eating psychopathology. The cluster approach to personality-related dynamics of families with an individual affected by an eating disorder expands the knowledge on the relationship between parents' characteristics and daughters' illness, suggesting complex and unique relationships correlating parents' personality traits to their daughters' disorder. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015
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    • "One core-element in this transmission-process is the use of cultural myths and folk-tales (Norenzajan et al., 2006). The research emphasizes on the consistency of the message with the religious beliefs of the subject as a function of memory (Pargament & DeRosa, 1985), as well as on the political responsibility of memory (Assmann, Aleida, 2011), concerning both: communicative and cultural memory (Assmann, 2008) and their social (Halbwachs, 1950) and cultural conditions and circumstances (Erll, 2011), exemplified by the " retrospective anticipation " (Welzer, 2008).Although mood and outlook on life can influence the perception of life satisfaction remembering child experiences, connected with the individual's personal values seems to be more of influence on both religiosity and life satisfaction, as demonstrated by churchgoers and people who pray frequently (Cloninger, 2007). "
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    ABSTRACT: Jewish-christian tradition is memory-tradition. Just from the beginning, people are confronted with the God of Abraham, Isaak and Jacob and with particular situations, which are worth remembering (Exodus, Ten Commandments). Because the Bible combines remembering and teaching (" When your son " ... (Dtn 6, 20)), religious education means memory-education. Like Israel in real Exile and Diaspora, young pupils and students suffer from " virtual Exile or Diaspora " , when they are dwelling within their digital global village, and in " patchwork-families " , often without real home-experience and without any sense of belonging. Suffering from such experiences of missed orientation and belonging, they feel – as discussions in schools and groups underline-unsatisfied and uncomfortable, and look for authentic coping-models. Therefore, the study emphasizes – based on narrations of elder people-on a particular religious education-approach, which facilitates life-satisfaction by memory-learning from other experiences. The focus of research is on the question, whether memory-learning, combined with religious contents, rituals and/or metaphoric, could encourage life-satisfaction, and whether there are significant differences between East (Latvia) and West (Germany).
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Problems of Education in the 21st Century
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    • "This spiritual perspective allows us to grow in self-awareness so that we can see that we often live our lives in division, split between contradictory desires that create conflict and dissatisfaction. Growing in awareness of this division will help a person to transcend his or her problems and to rediscover a sense of unity (Cloninger 2007:742). "
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    ABSTRACT: The South African educational system is in a crisis. This situation places huge demands on school principals and school management teams, and raises many theoretical and empirical questions. Transformational leadership is needed to deal with these challenges and complexities. Not all school leaders show the same level of transformational leadership. Some leaders conform more to other leadership styles. The aim of this article is to explore the relation between spiritual character traits and leadership styles from a theoretical and empirical perspective. The theoretical part focuses on the conceptualisation of leadership (styles) and spirituality. The empirical research consists of a web-based survey conducted in some private and religiously affiliated schools in South Africa in 2011-2012. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) and Cloninger's shortened Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-140) were used to measure leadership styles and spiritual traits respectively. Statistical procedures included confirmatory factor analysis, correlation (Pearson rho) and regression analysis. Key findings are that leaders of private schools in South Africa mostly conform to a transformative leadership style, disagree with corrective leadership and strongly disagree with passive-avoidant leadership. Regarding the spiritual character traits they agree with self-transcendence and strongly agree with self-directedness. Spiritual character traits are strong predictors for transformational and passive-avoidant leadership. Higher levels of self-transcendence and self-directedness are strong predictors for transformational leadership. Our research suggests that traditional religious variables are less important as predictors of leadership style than spiritual character traits.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014
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