Exhaled Nitric Oxide and Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm Assessed by FEV 1 , FEF 25 − 75% in Childhood Asthma
The relationship between exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) should be clarified. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between eNO and exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) by estimation of the each lung parameter in asthmatic children who performed a bicycle ergometer exercise test. Twenty children with asthma were recruited. eNO concentration was examined by the recommended online method. To evaluate BHR, an exercise stress test was performed on a bicycle ergometer. The mean baseline eNO value was significantly correlated with the mean maximum % fall in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% (FEF25-75%) after exercise (r=0.53, r=0.65, respectively). eNO in the EIB-positive group was significantly higher than that in the EIB-negative group by assessing FEV1, FEF25-75% (p<0.005, p=0.005). We demonstrated that the most important lung parameter assessed the occurrence of EIB by a bicycle ergometer exercise test was not only FEV1 but FEF25-75%, which significantly correlated with eNO. This suggests that not only FEV1 but FEF25-75% can be used to evaluate the correlations between BHR (EIB) and airway inflammation (eNO) in asthmatic children. A low eNO is useful for a negative predictor for EIB.
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