Coherent exciton-plasmon interaction in the hybrid semiconductor quantum dot and metal nanoparticle complex

Department of Physics, Wuhan University, Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
Optics Letters (Impact Factor: 3.29). 09/2007; 32(15):2125-7. DOI: 10.1364/OL.32.002125
Source: PubMed


We studied theoretically the exciton coherent dynamics in the hybrid complex composed of CdTe quantum dot (QDs) and rodlike Au nanoparticles (NPs) by the self-consistent approach. Through adjusting the aspect ratio of the rodlike Au NPs, the radiative rate of the exciton and the nonradiative energy transfer rate from the QD to the Au NP are tunable in the wide range 0.05-4 ns(-1) and 4.4 x 10(-4) to 2.6 ns(-1), respectively; consequently, the period of Rabi oscillations of exciton population is tunable in the range 0.6 pi-9 pi.

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    • "These include generation of bistability and hysteresis [7] [8] [9] [10] [11], control of energy transfer from QDs to MNPs such that the energy flow happens only at a specific period of time [12], nanosensors [13- 14], enhancement of second harmonic generation [15] [16], control of exciton population inversion [17], and creation of optical transparency and slow light in multi-level QD systems [18]. They also include induction of Rabi and plasmonic field oscillations [19] [20], plasmonic metaresonances [21], and generation self-induced ultrafast dynamics [22]. "
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    ABSTRACT: When a quantum dot is in the vicinity of a metallic nanoparticle and is driven by a laser field, quantum coherence can renormalize the plasmon field of the metallic nanoparticle, forming a coherent-plasmonic field (CP field). We demonstrate that for a given form of variation of this laser field with time, the CP field around the metallic nanoparticle can offer different forms of ultrafast field dynamics, depending on the location. In other words, we show the coherent exciton-plasmon coupling in such a system allows it to act as coherent nanoantenna capable of generation position-dependent coherent-plasmonic dynamics, designating each location around the metallic nanoparticle with characteristic time-position coordinates. These investigations are carried out by demonstrating that the coherent dynamics responsible for these effects can persist in the presence of the ultrafast polarization dephasing of the quantum dots. This highlights the prospect of generation and preservation of quantum coherence effects in hybrid quantum dot-metallic nanoparticle systems at elevated temperatures. Therefore, even when the decoherence times of the quantum dots are of the order of several hundreds of femtoseconds, as observed at room temperature, such coherent dynamics can remain quite distinct and observable
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    ABSTRACT: An electron-microscopy study of GaAs structures, grown by molecular-beam epitaxy, containing two coupled layers of InAs semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) overgrown with a thin buffer GaAs layer and a layer of low-temperature-grown gallium arsenide has been performed. In subsequent annealing, an array of As nanoinclusions (metallic QDs) was formed in the low-temperature-grown GaAs layer. The variation in the microstructure of the samples during temperature and annealing conditions was examined. It was found that, at comparatively low annealing temperatures (400–500°C), the formation of the As metallic QDs array weakly depends on whether InAs semiconductor QDs are present in the preceding layers or not. In this case, the As metallic QDs have a characteristic size of about 2–3 nm upon annealing at 400°C and 4–5 nm upon annealing at 500°C for 15 min. Annealing at 600°C for 15 min in the growth setup leads to a coarsening of the As metallic QDs to 8–9 nm and to the formation of groups of such QDs in the area of the low-temperature-grown GaAs which is directly adjacent to the buffer layer separating the InAs semiconductor QDs. A more prolonged annealing at an elevated temperature (760°C) in an atmosphere of hydrogen causes a further increase in the As metallic QDs’ size to 20–25 nm and their spatial displacement into the region between the coupled InAs semiconductor QDs.
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate theoretically the effects of interaction between an optical dipole (semiconductor quantum dot or molecule) and metal nanoparticles. The calculated absorption spectra of hybrid structures demonstrate strong effects of interference coming from the exciton-plasmon coupling. In particular, the absorption spectra acquire characteristic asymmetric lineshapes and strong anti-resonances. We present here an exact solution of the problem beyond the dipole approximation and find that the multipole treatment of the interaction is crucial for the understanding of strongly-interacting exciton-plasmon nano-systems. Interestingly, the visibility of the exciton resonance becomes greatly enhanced for small inter-particle distances due to the interference phenomenon, multipole effects, and electromagnetic enhancement. We find that the destructive interference is particularly strong. Using our exact theory, we show that the interference effects can be observed experimentally even in the exciting systems at room temperature. Comment: 9 pages
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